Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Milk Other than Breast Milk and the Development of Asthma in Children 3 Years of Age. A Birth Cohort Study (2006-2011)

Version 1 : Received: 1 October 2018 / Approved: 3 October 2018 / Online: 3 October 2018 (11:32:20 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

El-Heneidy, A.; Abdel-Rahman, M.E.; Mihala, G.; Ross, L.J.; Comans, T.A. Milk Other Than Breast Milk and the Development of Asthma in Children 3 Years of Age. A Birth Cohort Study (2006–2011). Nutrients 2018, 10, 1798. El-Heneidy, A.; Abdel-Rahman, M.E.; Mihala, G.; Ross, L.J.; Comans, T.A. Milk Other Than Breast Milk and the Development of Asthma in Children 3 Years of Age. A Birth Cohort Study (2006–2011). Nutrients 2018, 10, 1798.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2018, 10, 1798
DOI: 10.3390/nu10111798

Abstract

Prevalence of asthma in Australian children is amongst the highest in the world. Although breastfeeding positively influences infants’ immunity, early introduction of Milk Other than Breast Milk (MOTBM) may also play an important role in the development of Asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the introduction of MOTBM in the first six months after birth and the development of reported persistent asthma in children 3-years old. As sample of 1,121 children were extracted from the Environments for Healthy Living longitudinal birth cohort study. Introduction of MOTBM during the first six months after birth increased the risk of development of persistent asthma by almost two-folds (Adjusted Relative Risk (ARR): 1.71, 95%CI: 1.03-2.83, p= 0.038). This study indicates that the introduction of MOTBM in the first six months of life is a risk factor for asthma incidence among children 3 years old or younger. This result is important in explaining the benefits of breastfeeding as part of public health interventions to encourage mothers to increase breastfeeding initiation and duration and avoid introduction of MOTBM in the first six months after childbirth.

Subject Areas

asthma; breastfeeding; milk other than breast milk

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