Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Unfolded Protein Response-Dependent Communication and Contact among Endoplasmic Reticulum, Mitochondria and Plasma Membrane.

Version 1 : Received: 26 September 2018 / Approved: 26 September 2018 / Online: 26 September 2018 (15:44:54 CEST)

How to cite: Saito, A.; Imaizumi, K. Unfolded Protein Response-Dependent Communication and Contact among Endoplasmic Reticulum, Mitochondria and Plasma Membrane.. Preprints 2018, 2018090521 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0521.v1). Saito, A.; Imaizumi, K. Unfolded Protein Response-Dependent Communication and Contact among Endoplasmic Reticulum, Mitochondria and Plasma Membrane.. Preprints 2018, 2018090521 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201809.0521.v1).

Abstract

The function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) can be impaired by the alternation of the extra- and intracellular environment such as disruption of calcium homeostasis, expression of mutated proteins and oxidative stress. In response to disruptions to ER homeostasis, eukaryotic cells activate canonical branches of signal transduction cascades, collectively termed the unfolded protein response (UPR). The UPR attempts to recover the protein folding capacity and avoid irreversible cellular damage. Additionally, the UPR has been shown to play unique physiological roles in the regulation of diverse cellular events, including cell differentiation and development and lipid biosynthesis. Recent studies have indicated that these important cellular events are also regulated by contact and communication among organelles. These reports suggest strong involvement among the UPR, organelle communication and regulation of cellular homeostasis. However, the precise mechanisms for the formation of contact sites and the regulation of its dynamics by UPR remain unresolved. In this review, we summarized the current understanding of how the UPR regulates morphological changes to the ER and the formation of contact sites between the ER and other organelles. We also review how UPR-dependent connections between the ER and other organelles affect cellular and physiological functions.

Subject Areas

Unfolded protein response; ER morphology; Mitochondria-associated ER membrane; ER-PM contact sites

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