Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Asymmetric Impacts of Oil Price on Inflation: An Empirical Study of African OPEC Member Countries

Version 1 : Received: 3 August 2018 / Approved: 3 August 2018 / Online: 3 August 2018 (11:35:04 CEST)

How to cite: Bala, U.; Chin, L. Asymmetric Impacts of Oil Price on Inflation: An Empirical Study of African OPEC Member Countries. Preprints 2018, 2018080064 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0064.v1). Bala, U.; Chin, L. Asymmetric Impacts of Oil Price on Inflation: An Empirical Study of African OPEC Member Countries. Preprints 2018, 2018080064 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201808.0064.v1).

Abstract

This study investigates the asymmetric impacts of oil price changes on inflation in Algeria, Angola, Libya and Nigeria. Three different oil price data were applied in this study; the specific spot oil price of individual countries, the OPEC reference basket oil price and an average of the Brent, WTI and Dubai oil price. The dynamic panels ARDL were used to estimate the short and the long-run impacts. Also, this study partitioned the oil price into positive and negative changes to capture asymmetric impacts and found both positive and negative oil price changes positively influenced inflation. However, the impact was found to be more significant when oil prices dropped. The results from the study also found that money supply, the exchange rate and GDP are positively related to inflation while food production is negatively related to inflation. Accordingly, policymakers should be cautious in formulating policies between the positive and negative changes in oil prices as it was shown that inflation increased when the oil price dropped. Additionally, the use of contractionary monetary policy would help to reduce the inflation rate, and lastly, it is proposed that the government should encourage domestic food production both in quantity and quality to reduce inflation.

Subject Areas

oil price; inflation; food production; asymmetric; Algeria; Angola; Libya; Nigeria

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