Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Structural Analysis of Variability and Interaction of the N-Terminal of the Oncogenic Effector CagA of Helicobacter pylori with Phosphatidylserine

Version 1 : Received: 4 July 2018 / Approved: 5 July 2018 / Online: 5 July 2018 (08:34:40 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ulloa-Guerrero, C.P.; Delgado, M.P.; Jaramillo, C.A. Structural Analysis of Variability and Interaction of the N-terminal of the Oncogenic Effector CagA of Helicobacter pylori with Phosphatidylserine. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3273. Ulloa-Guerrero, C.P.; Delgado, M.P.; Jaramillo, C.A. Structural Analysis of Variability and Interaction of the N-terminal of the Oncogenic Effector CagA of Helicobacter pylori with Phosphatidylserine. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3273.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 3273
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19103273

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori cytotoxin-associated gene A protein (CagA) has been associated with the increase in virulence and risk of cancer. It has been demonstrated that CagA's translocation is dependent on its interaction with phosphatidylserine. We evaluated the variability of the N-terminal CagA in 127 sequences reported in NCBI, by referring to molecular interaction forces with the Phosphatidylserine and the docking of 3 mutations chosen from variations in specific positions. The major sites of conservation of the residues involved in CagA-Phosphatidylserine interaction were 617, 621 and 626 which had no amino acid variation. Position 636 had the lowest conservation score, so mutations in this position were evaluated to observe the differences in intermolecular forces of the CagA-Phosphatidylserine complex. We evaluated the docking of 3 mutations: K636A, K636R and K636N. The models of the crystal and mutations presented a ΔG of −8.919907, −8.665261, −8.701923, −8.515097 Kcal/mol, respectively, while mutations K636A, K636R, K636N and the crystal structure presented 0, 3, 4 and 1 H-bonds, respectively. Likewise, the bulk effect of the ΔG and amount of H-bonds was estimated in all of the docking models. The type of mutation affected both the ΔG (χ2(1) = 93.82, p-value < 2.2 × 10−16) and the H-bonds (χ2(1) = 91.93, p-value < 2.2 × 10−16). In all the data, 76.9% of the strains that exhibit the K636N mutation produced a severe pathology. The average H-bond count diminished when comparing the mutations with the crystal structure of all the docking models, which means that other molecular forces are involved in the CagA-Phosphatidylserine complex interaction.

Subject Areas

CagA; phosphatidylserine; phosphatidylserine mutations; conservation N-terminal CagA; homology modeling; molecular docking

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