Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Development of Cartographical Studies and Praxis in Montenegro

Version 1 : Received: 25 June 2018 / Approved: 26 June 2018 / Online: 26 June 2018 (12:07:05 CEST)

How to cite: Nikolic, G.; Spalevic, V.; Susic, Z.; Batilovic, M.; Skataric, G.; Bozovic, R.; Djurovic, R.; Vuckovic, D. The Development of Cartographical Studies and Praxis in Montenegro. Preprints 2018, 2018060414 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0414.v1). Nikolic, G.; Spalevic, V.; Susic, Z.; Batilovic, M.; Skataric, G.; Bozovic, R.; Djurovic, R.; Vuckovic, D. The Development of Cartographical Studies and Praxis in Montenegro. Preprints 2018, 2018060414 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201806.0414.v1).

Abstract

This paper deals with an analysis of cartographical studies, the real estate cadastre, and its practical implementation, as well as the introduction of cartography into different education modules in university-level studies in Montenegro. There is a discussion of the development, production, and creativity in the fields of cartography and real estate cadastre over time, cartographical projection, scientific results, and recent changes such as advanced computer- and satellite-based technologies, GIS, cartographical visualization, and digital cartography. The impact of these changes on cartographical studies at the University of Montenegro is considered. Particular attention is given to analyses of cartography and the cadastre in institutions, and their connection with the development of cartography teaching modules of Geography, Geodesy and Geoinformatics at the University of Montenegro. The integrated analysis also covers the results of the questionnaire and the significance of the geo-topographical and cartographical heritage of Montenegro, with the aim of carrying these out. It can be seen that the tasks solved by using maps have tended to become more complex and that the cartographical methods employed in this have been always directed towards Montenegro’s most prominent and most urgent problems, including those that appear in the area of education.

Subject Areas

Montenegro; cadastre; geography; geodesy; geoinformatics; syllabus for cartography; cartographical heritage

Readers' Comments and Ratings (30)

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Comment 1
Received: 26 June 2018
Commenter: Misko Milanovic
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Scientific article is the qualities in terms of methodology. In particular, the article is good because modern GIS technology is applied to it. In this paper, authors showed the link between GIS technologies, applying of the methodology and cartographic practice.
In the end, article can be used for future research in the cartography studies in Montenegro.
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Comment 2
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Bojan Mucibabic
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The work is well conceived and can serve as a good basis for further research in the field of cartography and GIS.
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Comment 3
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Zoran Stojanovic
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The paper dealt with a complete history of cartographic works in the territory of Montenegro. With detailed analysis of cadastral diameter, it represents an important basis for the development of the geoinformatics sector not only in Montenegro, but also in the region. The paper contains a multidisciplinary approach so that in addition to its scientific contribution, it will have wide application in practice.
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Comment 4
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Marx Leandro Naves Silva
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The article presents a good cartographic contribution for Montenegro.
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Comment 5
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Ronaldo Luiz Mincato
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The manuscript is an important contribution to cartography of Montenegro and region. It is very well described in its objectives, materials and methods and in its results and discussion.
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Comment 6
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Tin Lukić
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This is indeed a valuable study and contribution from the respective authors. A detailed overview of the cartographical activity in Montenegro (using historical and cartographical methods), along with interesting results of the performed questionnaire outlines the significance of the geotopographical and cartographical heritage of Montenegro. Also, this article points out the true complexity of the Cartography, not only as the study and practice of making maps, but a science which combines variety of methods and segments regarding aesthetic and technical aspect. I will definitely use theoretical framework of this paper during my Cartography classes at University level. Congratulation to the authors!
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Comment 7
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Mile Markoski
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Scientific article has the quality in terms of methodology. In particular, the article is good, the research applied GIS technology. In this paper, authors showed the link between GIS technologies, applying of the methodology and cartographic practice.The paper contains a multidisciplinary approach so that in addition to its scientific contribution, it will have wide application in practice.
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Comment 8
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Zeinab Hazbavi
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: I found this paper innovative and of high interest. The paper is a relevant contribution and could be considered as a roadmap for decision- and policy- making. In addition, this paper broadly will have useful applications in remote sensing-based technologies,
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Comment 9
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Alenka Fikfak
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The presented historical and chronological review of cartographical and cadastral graphical databases produced for the territory of Montenegro enables us to gain, in a clear way, insight into the stages and features of the process of making an inventory and mapping data which can be used in modern geospatial analysis. This paper could be a stimulant for a future cooperation with the colleagues from Montenegro in this area.
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Comment 10
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Aleksandar Andjelkovic
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Good cartographic contribution for Montenegro.
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Comment 11
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Ataollah kavian
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Good paper with high contribution in earth science
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Comment 12
Received: 27 June 2018
Commenter: Mohsen
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The paper provided very valuable information about cartographical aspects by integrated analysis.
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Comment 13
Received: 28 June 2018
Commenter: André Silva Tavares
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The manuscript is an important contribution to cartography of Montenegro and region. It is very well described in its objectives, materials and methods and in its results and discussion.
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Comment 14
Received: 28 June 2018
Commenter: Patrick Ken Kalonde
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Very good review of cartographical studies in Montenegro. Paper written well. Systematical analysis of cartography and the cadastre in institutions, and their connection with the development of cartography teaching modules at the University. The research has a potential to provoke further studies in relation to this subject area.
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Comment 15
Received: 28 June 2018
Commenter: Patrick Ken Kalonde
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Very good review of cartographical studies in Montenegro. Paper written well. Systematical analysis of cartography and the cadastre in institutions, and their connection with the development of cartography teaching modules at the University. The research has a potential to provoke further studies in relation to this subject area.
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Comment 16
Received: 28 June 2018
Commenter: Dusko Vujacic
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Appreciated contribution for the Montenegrin cartography with interesting results of questionnaire.
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Comment 17
Received: 29 June 2018
Commenter: Milutin Baturan
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Paper good written. We in Montenegrin Real estate administration are very satisfied for this contribution for our cartography.
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Comment 18
Received: 29 June 2018
Commenter: Paolo Ciavola
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The paper deals with an important topic, which is the adoption of a sound policy for the adoption of state-of-the-arts cartography at national level in Montenegro. It is a well structured contribution and of national interest for the country
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Comment 19
Received: 29 June 2018
Commenter: Xiao Zhang
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This paper gives out a good description of the development of cartographical studies and praxis in Montenegro. The text is well organized and the results are interesting and useful for the Montenegrin cartography.
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Comment 20
Received: 30 June 2018
Commenter: Naser Sabaghnia
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This paper has good quality in terms of methodology due to application of GIS tool.
This research can be used as a proper source for a future investigation in the area of cartography many areas of world.
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Comment 21
Received: 30 June 2018
Commenter: Naser Sabaghnia
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: very nice research
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Comment 22
Received: 1 July 2018
Commenter: Saja Kosanovic
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: Comprehensive review, useful results, and appropriate scientific research methodology
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Comment 23
Received: 2 July 2018
Commenter: Paolo Billi
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: I read the article on the history of cartography in Montenegro and I found it very interesting. The article is well written and provides the reader with useful information about the development of cartography in Montenegro form its very beginning. I think it is an important document that can stimulate foreigners to get an additional insight into the country geography and its beautiful landscape. I am convinced all that will facilitate the integration of Montenegro within the EU. The article is valuable not only for scientists but also for all those interested in geography in general and contribute substantial to consolidate the role of Geography in college and university studies. My congratulations for such a well organized and interesting paper.
Prof. Paolo Billi
Currently at:
IPDRE (International Platform for Dryland Research and Education)
University of Tottori, Tottori Japan
----------- University of Ferrara
Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra
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Comment 24
Received: 2 July 2018
Commenter: Goran Bubanja
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This is an interesting paper and in details is presenting history of cartography in this small Mediterranean country (the first paper of this kind for Montenegro) . It is written with good stile; well organized presentation that is providing useful information also for us [the researchers who are with the background on History] about the process of the development of cartography in Montenegro form the early times.
Goran Bubanja, Senior Researcher / History, Custos of the Museum of Budva, Montenegro
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Comment 25
Received: 2 July 2018
Commenter: William B. Mahoney, M.A., P.G.
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This is an interesting and useful survey of the history of cartography and land survey in Montenegro as well as an overview of cartographic study at the University of Montenegro. I feel that it is important for this information to be published so that it is available to geographers, GIS specialists, and other professionals who rely on mapping data.
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Comment 26
Received: 4 July 2018
Commenter: Kosta Gligorević
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This paper is an important contribution to cartography of Montenegro. Scientific work has the potential to animate researchers for future research related to this subject area.
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Comment 27
Received: 4 July 2018
Commenter: Milena Moteva
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The critical overview of the Montenegro cartography science and practice, as well as of the methods of real estate cadaster, is timely and reasonable from the point of view of the newly forming administrative, science and educational structures in this field in the newly-establishing independent country. The paper is valuable because of opening a window to the local common and specialist cartography development processes and the real estate cadaster management and can potentially contribute to establishing international connections between different-level actors on behalf of science. The experimental part contains valuable feedback information on the methods and effectiveness of education in cartography and is a step to improving the qualification of the future specialists.
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Comment 28
Received: 9 July 2018
Commenter: Matej Ogrin
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The article deals with historic development of cartography in Montenegro and brings an important knowledge to development of today's cartography in Montenegro. It is of big importance not only for insight of cartography of Montenegro but also in regional aspect. What is also very useful is that article shows the connection between GIS and cartography. The paper can be a nice example of comprehensive study of science development in function of understanding present state of cartography in Montenegro.
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Comment 29
Received: 9 July 2018
Commenter: Mordechai Tamir
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: 9 July, 2018
The Development of Cartographical Studies and Praxis in Montenegro
Comments to the article
The authors carried out a comprehensive survey of cartography in Montenegro. With a systematic and scientific attitude they followed the development of this essential geography tool and the influence of every ruler, Kingdom or empire on the studies and implementation of making maps for different purposes. The cartographical heritage, land and the real estate cadaster development are described in depth and connected to the historical development of Montenegro. The authors also highlight the development of knowledge, technologies and methods of mapping throughout Montenegrin history, including updated curriculum and last trends in modern-day cartographical institutions.
The paper itself is very thorough
Specific comment:
613: the stages and features of the process of making an inventory [and of] mapping data which can be used
619: This seems to be the central conclusion and suggestion of the paper. It starts with "one more matter", where no previous suggestions were proposed. Consider rephrasing
621: an Academic Study Program is different from a host institution (such as the proposed Division in 629 below). A Study Program is limited by time, resources – consider using a different name for the host institution
633-639: This is 3 sentences combined into one, which makes it harder to understand. Splitting this into sentences will make it much more readable.
Finally, I would suggest that authors add one or two maps in same scale to compare same area or region in ancient time and today.
Mordechai Tamir
Soil Conservationist (retired)
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development
Israel
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Comment 30
Received: 16 July 2018
Commenter: Miloš Pajić
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: This is interesting and useful survey of the history of cartography and land survey. The article is well written and provides very useful information about the development of cartography. This research can be used as a proper source for a future investigation in the area of cartography many areas of world.
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