Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Cardiovascular Health of Construction Workers in Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study

Version 1 : Received: 20 April 2018 / Approved: 20 April 2018 / Online: 20 April 2018 (14:59:45 CEST)

How to cite: Chung, J.W.; Wong, B.Y.; Yan, V.C.; Chung, L.M.; So, H.C.; Chan, A. Cardiovascular Health of Construction Workers in Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2018, 2018040272 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0272.v1). Chung, J.W.; Wong, B.Y.; Yan, V.C.; Chung, L.M.; So, H.C.; Chan, A. Cardiovascular Health of Construction Workers in Hong Kong: A Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2018, 2018040272 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0272.v1).

Abstract

Objectives: 1) To describe the cardiovascular health of the construction workers in Hong Kong, 2) to examine the demographic differences in cardiovascular health, and 3) to examine the association between modifiable lifestyle behaviors and cardiovascular conditions. Methods: 626 registered construction workers were included in the analysis. Blood chemistry, blood pressure, weight and height were measured. Face-to-face questionnaire interview was conducted. T-tests and One-way ANOVAs were used to compare the cardiovascular health score, cardiovascular outcomes, and lifestyle behaviors by demographic characteristics. Logistic regressions were performed to assess the cardiovascular outcomes by lifestyle behaviors. Results: Two-thirds of the construction workers failed to achieve three out of the seven “ideal” cardiovascular health indicators. The younger, more educated, and female subjects had better cardiovascular health scores than their counterparts. The ideal fish and seafood consumption was associated with 1) ideal weight status and 2) ideal cholesterol level, whereas less soft drink consumption was associated with ideal cholesterol level. Conclusions: The findings highlighted the importance of promoting cardiovascular health in the construction industry. This study provided insights for future interventions, which should include increasing fish and seafood intake, decreasing soft drink consumption, and enhancing the health literacy amongst older, less educated, and male construction workers.

Subject Areas

construction industry; heart health; lifestyle behaviors; healthy eating; physical activity

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