Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Failure Characteristics Induced by Unloading Disturbance and Corresponding Mechanical Mechanism of the Coal Seam Floor in Deep Mining

Version 1 : Received: 7 April 2018 / Approved: 16 April 2018 / Online: 16 April 2018 (11:29:05 CEST)

How to cite: Jiazhuo, L.; Guangxiang, X.; Lei, W. Failure Characteristics Induced by Unloading Disturbance and Corresponding Mechanical Mechanism of the Coal Seam Floor in Deep Mining. Preprints 2018, 2018040207 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0207.v1). Jiazhuo, L.; Guangxiang, X.; Lei, W. Failure Characteristics Induced by Unloading Disturbance and Corresponding Mechanical Mechanism of the Coal Seam Floor in Deep Mining. Preprints 2018, 2018040207 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201804.0207.v1).

Abstract

Failure characteristics induced by unloading disturbance and the corresponding mechanical mechanism of the coal seam floor are important theoretical bases for water-bursting prevention from the floor of the coal seam and rock burst alarm in deep mining. However, the existing two-dimensional ground-pressure-control theory based on shallow mining cannot sufficiently guide deep-mining practices. In this study, the redistribution of mining-induced stress field in rocks surrounding the longwall face and mechanical behaviors of strata in deep mining are investigated through a combination of numerical simulation, physical simulation, and field measurement. Results demonstrate that mining-induced stress fields in the floor of the longwall face differ in space and time. Vertical stress unloading from top to bottom of the floor and horizontal stress unloading are relatively low. A concentration zone of high horizontal stress exists at stope boundaries. The critical yield load of rock stratum in the floor is determined through thin plate yield theory. Under the combined effect of concentrated high horizontal and vertical resilience stresses, strata in the floor fracture from seam to seam if the load increases to the minimum critical buckling value. Fractured strata slide along the fracture surface, which leads to floor heave. The stope floor shows evident time-delay progressive failure characteristics. The stress shell in the stope floor in deep mining is found to be a sensitive mechanical parameter that produces three-dimensional ground-pressure behavior in the floor. This ground-pressure behavior in the stope floor is controlled by the existence of the corresponding stress shell and effects induced by its space–time evolution. This study provides theoretical basis for the dynamic control of a hazard-inducing environment in engineering and minimizing or altering disaster-occurrence conditions during the construction engineering of the coal seam floor.

Subject Areas

deep mining; coal seam floor; unloading disturbance; space–time difference; stress shell; mechanical mechanism

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