Hertiani, T.; Yuswanto, A.; Utami Tunjung Pratiwi, S.; Muthma’innah Mashar, H. Effect of Massoia (Massoia aromatica Becc.) Bark on the Phagocytic Activity of Wistar Rat Macrophages. Sci. Pharm.2018, 86, 19.
Hertiani, T.; Yuswanto, A.; Utami Tunjung Pratiwi, S.; Muthma’innah Mashar, H. Effect of Massoia (Massoia aromatica Becc.) Bark on the Phagocytic Activity of Wistar Rat Macrophages. Sci. Pharm. 2018, 86, 19.
Massoia (Massoia aromatica Becc., Lauraceae) bark has been widely used as a component of traditional Indonesian medicine. The indigenous people boil or steam the bark for traditional applications. Our preliminary research revealed the potency of Massoia essential oil and its major compound, C-10 Massoialactone as potential immunomodulator in vitro. However, no scientific evidence regarding its in vivo effects is available. Therefore, this study evaluated the potential immunomodulatory effects of Massoia bark infusion on the nonspecific immune response (phagocytosis) of Wistar rats. The aqueous extract of Massoia bark was obtained by boiling pulverized bark in water, and the C-10 massoialactone content of the extract was determined through Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) densitometry. For the in vitro assay, macrophages were treated with the freeze-dried infusion at the concentrations of 2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 40 μg/mL media. For the in vivo assay, 2-month-old male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups. The baseline group received distilled water at the dose of 1 mL/100 g BW with the immunostimulant herbal product “X” administered as the positive control at the dose of 0.54 mL/rat. The treatment groups received the infusion at a dose of 100, 300, or 500 mg/100 g BW. Treatments were given orally every day for 14 days. The ability of macrophage cells to phagocyte latex was determined as phagocytic index (PI) and was observed under microscopy with 300 macrophages. The in vitro study revealed that the phagocytic activity of the infusion-treated macrophages significantly increased in comparison with that of the control macrophages in a concentration-dependent manner. Among all treatment concentrations, the concentration of 40 μg/ml provided the highest activity with a PI value of 70.51% ± 1.11%. The results of the in vivo assay confirmed those of the in vitro assay. The results of the present study indicate that Massoia bark can increase the phagocytic activity of rat macrophage cells. Its potential as a naturally derived immunomodulatory agent requires further study.
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