Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Beneficial Effects of Different Flavonoids on Vascular and Renal Function in L-NAME Hypertensive Rats

Version 1 : Received: 7 March 2018 / Approved: 8 March 2018 / Online: 8 March 2018 (03:31:29 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Paredes, M.D.; Romecín, P.; Atucha, N.M.; O’Valle, F.; Castillo, J.; Ortiz, M.C.; García-Estañ, J. Beneficial Effects of Different Flavonoids on Vascular and Renal Function in L-NAME Hypertensive Rats. Nutrients 2018, 10, 484. Paredes, M.D.; Romecín, P.; Atucha, N.M.; O’Valle, F.; Castillo, J.; Ortiz, M.C.; García-Estañ, J. Beneficial Effects of Different Flavonoids on Vascular and Renal Function in L-NAME Hypertensive Rats. Nutrients 2018, 10, 484.

Journal reference: Nutrients 2018, 10, 484
DOI: 10.3390/nu10040484

Abstract

1) Background: we have evaluated the antihypertensive effect of several flavonoid extracts in a rat model of arterial hypertension caused by chronic administration (6 weeks) of the nitric oxide synthesis inhibitor, L-NAME. 2) Methods: Sprague Dawley rats received L-NAME alone or L-NAME plus flavonoid-rich vegetal extracts (Lemon, Grapefruit + Bitter Orange, and Cocoa) or purified flavonoids (Apigenin and Diosmin) for 6 weeks. 3) Results: L-NAME treatment resulted in a marked elevation of blood pressure, and treatment with Apigenin, Lemon Extract, and Grapefruit + Bitter Orange extracts significantly reduced the elevated blood pressure of these animals. Apigenin and some of these flavonoids also ameliorated nitric oxide-dependent and independent aortic vasodilation and elevated nitrite urinary excretion. End-organ abnormalities such as cardiac infarcts, hyaline arteriopathy and fibrinoid necrosis in coronary arteries and aorta were improved by these treatments, reducing the end-organ vascular damage. 4) Conclusions: the flavonoids included in this study, specially apigenin, may be used as functional food ingredients with potential therapeutic benefit in arterial hypertension.

Subject Areas

flavonoids; nitric oxide; heart; kidney; sodium balance; phenylephrine; acetylcholine

Readers' Comments and Ratings (1)

Comment 1
Received: 24 April 2018
Commenter: Joaquín García-Estañ
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: The preprinted version is almost similar to the final version, peer-revised. But I prefer the last one, the one peer-revised. Thank you
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