Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Influence of Steel Plate Roughness on the Frictional Properties of Cereal Kernels

Version 1 : Received: 18 February 2018 / Approved: 19 February 2018 / Online: 19 February 2018 (16:11:02 CET)

How to cite: Kaliniewicz, Z.; Żuk, Z.; Krzysiak, Z. Influence of Steel Plate Roughness on the Frictional Properties of Cereal Kernels. Preprints 2018, 2018020122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0122.v1). Kaliniewicz, Z.; Żuk, Z.; Krzysiak, Z. Influence of Steel Plate Roughness on the Frictional Properties of Cereal Kernels. Preprints 2018, 2018020122 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0122.v1).

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the external friction angle of cereal kernels and the roughness of a steel friction plate. The experiment was performed on the kernels of five principal cereals: wheat, rye, barley, oats and triticale. Flat seed units composed of three spaced kernels joined by adhesive tape were analyzed in each experimental variant. The external friction angle of flat seed units was determined on 9 steel friction plates with different roughness. Measurements were performed in 3 replications with a photosensor device which registered the external friction angle of cereal kernels. On friction plates with surface roughness Ra=0.36 to Ra=6.72, the average values of the angle of external friction ranged from 17.56° in rye kernels to 34.01° in oat kernels. The greatest similarities in the angle of external friction were observed between wheat and triticale kernels, whereas the greatest differences were noted between barley and oat kernels and between barley and triticale kernels. Friction plates made of ST3S steel should be characterized by the lowest surface roughness to minimize energy consumption during grain processing. The optimal surface roughness of steel friction plates was determined at Ra=0.9.

Subject Areas

cereal kernels; steel; surface roughness; angle of external friction

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