Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Drivers of Sustainable Land Management in Eastern Africa

Version 1 : Received: 28 April 2017 / Approved: 1 May 2017 / Online: 1 May 2017 (08:33:17 CEST)

How to cite: Kirui, O. Drivers of Sustainable Land Management in Eastern Africa. Preprints 2017, 2017050007 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0007.v1). Kirui, O. Drivers of Sustainable Land Management in Eastern Africa. Preprints 2017, 2017050007 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201705.0007.v1).

Abstract

Land degradation is a serious impediment to improving rural livelihoods in Eastern Africa. This paper identifies major land degradation patterns and causes, and analyzes the determinants of sustainable land management (SLM) in three countries (Ethiopia, Malawi and Tanzania). The results show that land degradation hotspots cover about 51%, 41%, 23% and 23% of the terrestrial areas in Tanzania, Malawi and Ethiopia respectively. The analysis of nationally representative household surveys shows that the key drivers of SLM in these countries are biophysical, demographic, regional and socio-economic determinants. Secure land tenure, access to extension services and market access are some of the determinants incentivizing SLM adoption. The implications of this study are that policies and strategies that facilities secure land tenure and access to SLM information are likely to incentivize investments in SLM. Local institutions providing credit services, inputs such as seed and fertilizers, and extension services must also not be ignored in the development policies.

Subject Areas

adoption; land degradation; poisson regression; sustainable land management practices

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