Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Investigation of Urbanization Effects on Land Surface Phenology in Northeast China during 2001–2015

These authors contributed equally to this work.
Version 1 : Received: 10 January 2017 / Approved: 10 January 2017 / Online: 10 January 2017 (10:30:26 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Yao, R.; Wang, L.; Huang, X.; Guo, X.; Niu, Z.; Liu, H. Investigation of Urbanization Effects on Land Surface Phenology in Northeast China during 2001–2015. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 66. Yao, R.; Wang, L.; Huang, X.; Guo, X.; Niu, Z.; Liu, H. Investigation of Urbanization Effects on Land Surface Phenology in Northeast China during 2001–2015. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 66.

Journal reference: Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 66
DOI: 10.3390/rs9010066

Abstract

The urbanization effects on land surface phenology (LSP) have been investigated by many studies, but few studies focused on the temporal variations of urbanization effects on LSP. In this study, we used the MODIS EVI, MODIS LST data and China’s Land Use/Cover Datasets (CLUDs) to investigate the temporal variations of urban heat island intensity and urbanization effects on LSP in Northeast China during 2001–2015. Land surface temperature (LST) and phenology differences between urban and rural areas represented the urban heat island intensity and urbanization effects on LSP, respectively. Mann-kendall nonparametric test and Sen's slope were used to evaluating the trends of urbanization effects on LSP and urban heat island intensity. The results indicated that the average land surface phenology (LSP) during 2001–2015 was characterized by high spatial heterogeneity. The start of the growing season (SOS) in old urban area had become earlier and earlier than rural area and the differences of SOS between urbanized area and the rural area changed greatly during 2001–2015 (−0.79 days/year, p < 0.01). Meanwhile, the length of the growing season (LOS) in urban and adjacent areas had become increasingly longer than rural area especially in urbanized area (0.92 days/year, p < 0.01), but the differences of the end of the growing season (EOS) between urban and adjacent areas did not change significantly. Next, the UHII increased in spring and autumn during the whole study period. Moreover, the correlation analysis indicated that the increasing urban heat island intensity in spring contributed greatly to the increases of urbanization effects on SOS, but the increasing urban heat island intensity in autumn did not lead to the increases of urbanization effects on EOS in Northeast China.

Subject Areas

urbanization; land surface phenology; urban heat island; Northeast China

Readers' Comments and Ratings (0)

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Rate this article
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0
Leave a public comment

×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.