Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Flexible Employment Arrangements and Workplace Performance in Great Britain

Version 1 : Received: 3 January 2017 / Approved: 4 January 2017 / Online: 4 January 2017 (10:00:05 CET)

How to cite: Giovanis, E. Flexible Employment Arrangements and Workplace Performance in Great Britain. Preprints 2017, 2017010017 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0017.v1). Giovanis, E. Flexible Employment Arrangements and Workplace Performance in Great Britain. Preprints 2017, 2017010017 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0017.v1).

Abstract

There is an increasing concern on the quality of jobs and productivity witnessed in the flexible employment arrangements. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between various employment arrangements and the workplace performance. Home-based working-teleworking, flexible timing and compressed hours are the main employment types examined using the Workplace Employee Relations Survey (WERS) in years 2004 and 2011. The workplace performance is measured by two outcomes- the financial performance and labour productivity. First, the determinants of those flexible employment types are explored. Second, the ordinary least squares (OLS) method is followed. Third, an instrumental variable (IV) approach is applied to account for plausible endogeneity and to estimate the causal effects. The findings reveal a significant and positive relationship between these types of flexible employment arrangements and the workplace performance. Education, age, wage, quality of relations between managers-employees, years of experience, the area of the market the workplace is operated and the competition are significant factors and  are positively associated with the propensity of the flexible employment arrangements implementation. This can have various profound policy implications for employees, employers and the society overall, including family-work balance, coping with family demands, improving the firm performance, reducing traffic congestion and stress among others. It is the first study that explores the relationship between flexible employment types and workplace performance using an IV approach. This allows us to estimate the causal effects of flexible employment types and the possible associated social implications.

Subject Areas

financial performance; flexible employment; labour productivity; teleworking; workplace employment relations survey

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