An, J.Y.; Sharif, H.; Kang, G.B.; Park, K.J.; Lee, J.; Lee, S.; Jin, M.S.; Song, J.; Wang, J.; Eom, S.H. Structural Insights into Thermotoga maritima FtsH Periplasmic Domain on Substrate Recognition. Preprints2016, 2016120145. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints201612.0145.v1
An, J.Y., Sharif, H., Kang, G.B., Park, K.J., Lee, J., Lee, S., Jin, M.S., Song, J., Wang, J., & Eom, S.H. (2016). Structural Insights into <em>Thermotoga maritima</em> FtsH Periplasmic Domain on Substrate Recognition. Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints201612.0145.v1
An, J.Y., Jimin Wang and Soo Hyun Eom. 2016 "Structural Insights into <em>Thermotoga maritima</em> FtsH Periplasmic Domain on Substrate Recognition" Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints201612.0145.v1
Prompt removal of misfolded membrane proteins and misassembled membrane protein complexes is essential for membrane homeostasis. However, the elimination of these toxic proteins from the hydrophobic membrane environment has high energetic barriers. Transmembrane FtsH is the only known ATP-dependent protease responsible for this task, unlike other well-studied soluble ATP-dependent proteases. The mechanisms by which FtsH recognizes, unfolds, translocates, and proteolyzes its substrates remain unclear. Here, we report the crystal structures of the Thermotoga maritima FtsH periplasmic domain (PD) in an associative trimeric state at a 1.5-1.95 Å resolution. We also describe the pH-dependent oligomerization states of the isolated PD using dynamic light scattering. These observations help us understand how FtsH recognizes membrane-anchored misfolded proteins.
Biology and Life Sciences, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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