Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Survival Benefit of Tocilizumab in COVID may be Greater in Patients with Higher Measured Interleukin 6 Levels

Version 1 : Received: 14 April 2022 / Approved: 18 April 2022 / Online: 18 April 2022 (04:12:24 CEST)

How to cite: Hall, J.; Salama, M. Survival Benefit of Tocilizumab in COVID may be Greater in Patients with Higher Measured Interleukin 6 Levels. Preprints 2022, 2022040154 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0154.v1). Hall, J.; Salama, M. Survival Benefit of Tocilizumab in COVID may be Greater in Patients with Higher Measured Interleukin 6 Levels. Preprints 2022, 2022040154 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202204.0154.v1).

Abstract

The interleukin 6 (IL-6) receptor blocking antibody tocilizumab was repurposed in the coronavirus pandemic with the intention of blocking the excess inflammatory activation associated with severe disease. We retrospectively evaluated the response to tocilizumab based on measured levels of IL-6 as well as other inflammatory markers. In the sample of 41 patients with measured levels, 16 received tocilizumab. In patients who received tocilizumab, there was a statistically significant relationship between both higher IL-6 levels and measured acute phase reactants with mortality, but not in those who did not. Additionally, an improved mortality after tocilizumab was suggested with those with higher IL-6 measurements, but not in those with lower levels, but this finding failed to achieve statistical significance (p=0.14). Though this study is limited by a small sample size and retrospective design, an association is suggested between higher IL-6 levels and improved mortality after tocilizumab.

Keywords

coronavirus; COVID; tocilizumab; interleukin 6; cytokine

Subject

MEDICINE & PHARMACOLOGY, Other

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