Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of Rainfall, Soil Type and Slope on the Processes and Mechanism of Rainfall-Induced Landslide

Version 1 : Received: 3 November 2021 / Approved: 4 November 2021 / Online: 4 November 2021 (16:15:36 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Liu, Y.; Deng, Z.; Wang, X. The Effects of Rainfall, Soil Type and Slope on the Processes and Mechanisms of Rainfall-Induced Shallow Landslides. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 11652. Liu, Y.; Deng, Z.; Wang, X. The Effects of Rainfall, Soil Type and Slope on the Processes and Mechanisms of Rainfall-Induced Shallow Landslides. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 11652.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 11652
DOI: 10.3390/app112411652

Abstract

Landslides are serious geological hazards that become a disaster worldwide, causing a large number of casualties and economic losses every year. There are many factors affecting landslide susceptibility, such as rainfall, soil and slope. Each of them has an important role in the process of slope losing stability. In this paper, the effects of rainfall intensity, rainfall pattern, slope gradient and soil type on landslide susceptibility are studied. In the process of rainfall-induced landslide, the relevant physical quantities of soil changes continuously. Their values and processes are closely related to the time of landslide occurrence. Hence, the variation of soil volumetric water content, matrix suction, pore water pressure and total stress throughout the rainfall are measured. As the results, soil type, slope gradient and rainfall intensity have a large influence on landslide susceptibility. The occurrence of landslides has a prerequisite that the slope is greater than or equal to 15°. The rainfall intensity needs to be not less than 80 mm/h. The difference of rainfall pattern also affects the landslide susceptibility. The rainfall pattern with rainfall intensity peak at the later stage is more likely to induce landslide. Coarser soils with gravels are prone to landslides when other conditions are the same. Steeper slopes, stronger rainfall, and coarser soils can all increase the amount of sediment yield.

Keywords

landslides; artificial rainfall; grain size; rainfall pattern; pore water pressure

Subject

EARTH SCIENCES, Geology

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