Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

In vitro 3D Model of Female Reproductive Tract: An Overview and Future Aspect

Version 1 : Received: 29 August 2021 / Approved: 31 August 2021 / Online: 31 August 2021 (11:19:56 CEST)

How to cite: Capuzzo, A.M. In vitro 3D Model of Female Reproductive Tract: An Overview and Future Aspect. Preprints 2021, 2021080562 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0562.v1). Capuzzo, A.M. In vitro 3D Model of Female Reproductive Tract: An Overview and Future Aspect. Preprints 2021, 2021080562 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0562.v1).

Abstract

Hormones must be balanced and dynamically controlled for the Female Reproductive Tract (FRT) to function correctly during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and delivery. Gamete selection and successful transfer to the uterus, where it implants and pregnancy occurs, is supported by the mucosal epithelial lining of the FRT ovaries, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and vagina. Successful implantation and placentation in humans and other animals rely on complex interactions between the embryo and a receptive female reproductive system. The FRT's recent breakthroughs in three-dimensional (3D) organoid systems now provide critical experimental models that match the organ's physiological, functional, and anatomical characteristics in vitro. This article summarizes the current state of the art on organoids generated from various parts of the FRT. The current analysis examines recent developments in the creation of organoid models of reproductive organs, as well as their future directions.

Keywords

female reproductive tract; organoid; co-culture; crosstalk; blastocyst

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