Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Inter-Eye Correlation Analysis of 24-hour IOPs and Glaucoma Progression

Version 1 : Received: 27 August 2021 / Approved: 30 August 2021 / Online: 30 August 2021 (09:52:58 CEST)

How to cite: Dakroub, M.; Verma-Fuehring, R.; Agorastou, V.; Schön, J.; Hillenkamp, J.; Puppe, F.; Loewen, N.A. Inter-Eye Correlation Analysis of 24-hour IOPs and Glaucoma Progression. Preprints 2021, 2021080533 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0533.v1). Dakroub, M.; Verma-Fuehring, R.; Agorastou, V.; Schön, J.; Hillenkamp, J.; Puppe, F.; Loewen, N.A. Inter-Eye Correlation Analysis of 24-hour IOPs and Glaucoma Progression. Preprints 2021, 2021080533 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202108.0533.v1).

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether 24-hour IOP monitoring can be a predictor for glaucoma progression and to analyze the inter-eye relationship of IOP, perfusion and progression parameters. Methods: We extracted data from manually drawn IOP curves with HIOP-Reader, a software suite we developed. The relationship between measured IOPs and mean ocular perfusion pressures (MOPP) to retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness was analyzed. We determined the ROC curves for peak IOP (Tmax), average IOP (Tavg), IOP variation (IOPvar) and historical IOP cut-off levels to detect glaucoma progression (rate of RNFL loss). Bivariate analysis was conducted to check for various inter-eye relationships. Results: 217 eyes were included. The average IOP was 14.8±3.5 mmHg, with a 24-hour variation of 5.2±2.9 mmHg. 52% of eyes with RNFL data showed disease progression. There was no significant difference in Tmax, Tavg and IOPvar between progressors and non-progressors (all p>0.05). Except for Tavg and the temporal RNFL, there was no correlation between disease progression in any quadrant, Tmax, Tavg and IOPvar. 24-hour and outpatient IOP variables had poor sensitivities and specificities in detecting disease progression. The correlation of inter-eye parameters was moderate; correlation with disease progression was weak. Conclusion: In line with our previous study, IOP data obtained during a single visit (outpatient or inpatient monitoring) make for a poor diagnostic tool, no matter the method deployed. Glaucoma progression and perfusion pressure in left and right eyes correlated weakly to moderately with each other.

Keywords

glaucoma progression; nycthemeral intraocular pressure; right-left comparison; laterality

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