Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

MIX-and-Match or Mismatch? Exploring Older Adults’ Perspectives About Zumba Dance and Its Potential Utilization for Dual-Task Training

Version 1 : Received: 29 May 2021 / Approved: 31 May 2021 / Online: 31 May 2021 (11:10:45 CEST)

How to cite: Parial, L.L.; Lam, S.C.; Sumile, E.F.; Leung, A.Y. MIX-and-Match or Mismatch? Exploring Older Adults’ Perspectives About Zumba Dance and Its Potential Utilization for Dual-Task Training. Preprints 2021, 2021050741 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0741.v1). Parial, L.L.; Lam, S.C.; Sumile, E.F.; Leung, A.Y. MIX-and-Match or Mismatch? Exploring Older Adults’ Perspectives About Zumba Dance and Its Potential Utilization for Dual-Task Training. Preprints 2021, 2021050741 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0741.v1).

Abstract

Despite the popularity of Zumba in several countries, research is scarce about its impact on older adults. Meanwhile, the integration of cognitive tasks with physical exercises, known as dual-tasking, is an evolving strategy to facilitate activities for older people. This study investigated the perceptions of older adults regarding Zumba and the potential of implementing it in a dual-task program. We conducted a qualitative-descriptive research involving 44 Filipino older adults from August to November 2020. Content analysis was employed to analyze the data. Four themes were identified: moving towards match or mismatch; balancing benefits with burdens; dual-tasking as innovative yet potentially challenging; and overcoming barriers with enablers. While Zumba is an inclusive and beneficial activity, individual and contextual limitations could hinder its suitability for older people. Dual-tasking in Zumba was also recognized as an innovative approach, although challenges should be addressed to promote its utility. Several strategies could support the design of these programs in communities. This is the first study to explore older adults’ perceptions towards Zumba and its potential utilization as a dual-tasking program. Findings could guide the implementation of appropriate Zumba and dual-tasking activities that seek to integrate cognitive and physical training for older adults.

Keywords

dancing; dual-task; older adults; qualitative study; Zumba; cognition

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