Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh

Version 1 : Received: 2 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (10:34:16 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kabir, R.; Isha, S.N.; Chowdhury, M.T.H.; Siddika, N.; Jahan, S.S.; Saha, A.K.; Nath, S.K.; Jahan, M.S.; Sivasubramanian, M.; Mahmud, I.; Hoque Apu, E. Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5802. Kabir, R.; Isha, S.N.; Chowdhury, M.T.H.; Siddika, N.; Jahan, S.S.; Saha, A.K.; Nath, S.K.; Jahan, M.S.; Sivasubramanian, M.; Mahmud, I.; Hoque Apu, E. Depression among the Non-Native International Undergraduate Students Studying Dentistry in Bangladesh. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5802.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5802
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18115802

Abstract

Background Bangladesh has been attracting international students on various subjects in recent times. Every year students from different parts of the world come to study undergraduate and postgraduate courses, mostly at private universities in Bangladesh. This study evaluates the depression status among international students who are studying dentistry in Bangladesh. Methods This cross-sectional survey was conducted among International undergraduate dental students who enrolled in the Bachelor of Dental Surgery program in nine public and private dental colleges in Bangladesh. A total of 206 students completed the survey, and CES-D 10 items Likert scale questionnaire was used for data collection. The Cronbach alpha for CES-D 10 scale items for this population is 0.812. Results The majority of the students (79.5%) are below 24 years of age, and students who cannot communicate well in Bengali (Bangla), about 60% of them have experienced depression. About 77.3% (p< 0.00) of the international students having financial difficulties exhibited depression. The international students who went through financial problems were two times more likely to suffer from depression (OR=2.38; p-value <0.01). Conclusion This study tried to highlight the struggles faced by international students in Bangladesh studying dentistry. It is evident from the findings that several factors influence students' mental well-being during demanding dental education years.

Keywords

International student; Depression; Bangladesh; Dental; CES-D; Undergraduate

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