Working Paper Article Version 4 This version is not peer-reviewed

Deleterious Behaviorally Tansmitted Traits in Equilibrium

Version 1 : Received: 27 December 2020 / Approved: 28 December 2020 / Online: 28 December 2020 (11:30:49 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 7 January 2021 / Approved: 8 January 2021 / Online: 8 January 2021 (13:37:59 CET)
Version 3 : Received: 24 January 2021 / Approved: 26 January 2021 / Online: 26 January 2021 (10:24:54 CET)
Version 4 : Received: 10 February 2021 / Approved: 10 February 2021 / Online: 10 February 2021 (16:31:42 CET)

How to cite: Shuler, R. Deleterious Behaviorally Tansmitted Traits in Equilibrium. Preprints 2020, 2020120689 Shuler, R. Deleterious Behaviorally Tansmitted Traits in Equilibrium. Preprints 2020, 2020120689


Abstract. Background: This paper investigates the propagation of behaviorally transmitted traits with negative effect on host fitness. Methods: We analyze equilibrium between genetically transmitted and behaviorally transmitted competing propagators and consider whether a behavioral propagator is linked to reproduction (e.g. vertical culture transmission), or not. We employ combined genetic and behavior-induced fitness components for hosts, while behavioral propagators have replication factors to distinguish from what’s good for the host (fitness). Results: A trait which spreads faster than its marginal host fitness contribution reduces population will establish itself. The often transient nature of laterally transmitted traits may be a defense against accumulation of deleterious traits. Laterally transmitted traits with high spreading rate often do not equalize with genetic traits, spreading outside natural selection of the hosts. Vertical transmission reduces replication rate and allows group selection against deleterious behaviorally transmitted traits. Competing mutually exclusive propagators contribute to inequality and altruism, but compete through adverse fitness since exclusivity assumes low conversion. Conclusion: Behaviorally transmitted traits, in some cases a tremendous advantage, may also be a significant problem in the development of societies.


culture; co-evolution; meme; altruism; natural selection; competitive equilibrium; Fermi Paradox: memetics; genetics


Business, Economics and Management, Accounting and Taxation

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 10 February 2021
Commenter: Robert Shuler
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: Retitle, add derivation of group formation, discussion of CRISPR trait behavioral transmission, related references in economics, reduced word count.
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