Working Paper Review Version 2 This version is not peer-reviewed

Anticipating Distributional Impacts of Peer-to-Peer Energy Trading: Inference From a Realist Review of Evidence on Airbnb

Version 1 : Received: 1 October 2020 / Approved: 1 October 2020 / Online: 1 October 2020 (20:50:13 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 18 January 2021 / Approved: 18 January 2021 / Online: 18 January 2021 (14:03:00 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Fell, M.J., 2021. Anticipating distributional impacts of peer-to-peer energy trading: Inference from a realist review of evidence on Airbnb. Cleaner and Responsible Consumption 2, 100013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clrc.2021.100013 Fell, M.J., 2021. Anticipating distributional impacts of peer-to-peer energy trading: Inference from a realist review of evidence on Airbnb. Cleaner and Responsible Consumption 2, 100013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clrc.2021.100013

Journal reference: Cleaner and Responsible Consumption 2021
DOI: 10.1016/j.clrc.2021.100013

Abstract

Peer-to-peer (P2P) energy trading – where energy prosumers transact directly between each other – could help enable transition to a low-carbon energy system. If it is to be supported in policy and regulation, it is important to anticipate the distributional impacts (or how it might impact segments of society differently). However, real-world evidence on P2P energy trading is currently extremely limited. To address this challenge in the short- to medium-term, this study aimed to explore what might be learned from the extensive body of research on a comparable offering in the accommodation sector: Airbnb. A realist review approach was employed to maximise transferability of findings, focused on what mechanisms are thought to lead to what distributional outcomes, in what contexts. On the basis of the review, participation in (and receipt of benefits of) P2P energy trading schemes would be expected to represent disproportionately those living in areas with network management challenges, who are younger and more highly educated. The review also raised the prospect of discrimination on the basis of characteristics such as race and gender where there are high levels of individual choice over who to trade with. Recommendations include monitoring, incentivising diversity, anonymization, and limiting trading choices.

Subject Areas

Peer-to-peer energy trading; distributional impacts; realist review; Airbnb; sharing economy

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 18 January 2021
Commenter: Mike Fell
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: More background literature added, new information to back up comparison between Airbnb and P2P models in energy, new consideration of role of trust.
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