Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Elevated Urinary Arsenic Level among Residents of an Arsenic-Endemic Area of Southern Thailand and its Related Factors: Three Decades after Mitigation Attempts

Version 1 : Received: 20 September 2020 / Approved: 21 September 2020 / Online: 21 September 2020 (11:32:03 CEST)

How to cite: Saengow, U.; Vijitpongjinda, S.; Yimthiang, S.; Wattanapisit, A.; Thaicharoen, S. Elevated Urinary Arsenic Level among Residents of an Arsenic-Endemic Area of Southern Thailand and its Related Factors: Three Decades after Mitigation Attempts. Preprints 2020, 2020090501 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0501.v1). Saengow, U.; Vijitpongjinda, S.; Yimthiang, S.; Wattanapisit, A.; Thaicharoen, S. Elevated Urinary Arsenic Level among Residents of an Arsenic-Endemic Area of Southern Thailand and its Related Factors: Three Decades after Mitigation Attempts. Preprints 2020, 2020090501 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0501.v1).

Abstract

Three decades ago, human arsenic (As) contamination has been recognized in Ron Phibun, a sub-district with tin mining activity in southern Thailand. Since then different government bodies have attempted to mitigate the As-contamination problem by providing safe water in households. The most recent study conducted during 2000-2002 reported only a small fraction of population still had high urinary As level. Less attention has been paid to this issue afterwards. The present study aimed to re-assess the current situation, including human As contamination, water use behavior as well as identify risk factors of elevated As concentration among residents of Ron Phibun. The survey of 560 participants living in Ron Phibun with urinary As assessment was conducted. The median urinary As concentration of study participants was higher than normal. Consumption of shallow well water, a source generally considered as As-contaminated, was higher than a previous survey. A significant association was observed between urinary As concentrations and water sources for drinking and cooking. Gender and educational level were found to be associated with urinary As concentration. Significant associations between urinary As concentration and certain diseases (respiratory diseases, dermatitis, and dyslipidemia) were observed. The findings suggested further investigation of all water sources in the area for As contamination.

Subject Areas

human arsenic exposure; water source; risk factors; Thailand

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