Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dental Professionals Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards to COVID-19: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 17 September 2020 / Approved: 18 September 2020 / Online: 18 September 2020 (12:15:24 CEST)

How to cite: Tefera, A.T.; Asefaw, K.; Bekele, B.; G/Mariam, A.; Ayelign, A.; Aragie, H.; Ayhualem, S.; Akalu, Y.; Molla, M.D.; Muche, A. Dental Professionals Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards to COVID-19: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020090439 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0439.v1). Tefera, A.T.; Asefaw, K.; Bekele, B.; G/Mariam, A.; Ayelign, A.; Aragie, H.; Ayhualem, S.; Akalu, Y.; Molla, M.D.; Muche, A. Dental Professionals Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards to COVID-19: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Preprints 2020, 2020090439 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202009.0439.v1).

Abstract

Background: Dental professions are at high risk of contracting novel corona virus (COVID-19) infections during the dental procedure due to the droplets and aerosols generated during various dental procedures on infected patients. To prevent and avoid the cross-infection of the infection to dental professionals or the patients attending the dental clinic, good knowledge of the infection and its prevention mechanisms is mandatory among the professionals. Until to date, there is no pooled estimate on the knowledge,attitude and practice (KAP) of dental professionals to COVID-19 in the globe. Hence, this study aimed to determine the pooled estimate of KAP of dental professionals in this pandemic disease. Methods: Article search was done electronically using Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, SciELO and Google Scholar from June 1, 2020 to August 20, 2020. All studies that assessed the KAP of dental professionals to COVID-19 were searched and included in this review after passing the inclusion criteria. The pooled analysis of their knowledge (sign and symptom, mode of transmission and prevention mechanisms), attitude (their concern, intention to treat suspected patients) and practice (face mask usage, hand washing and alcohol based hand rub usage, handshaking practice, deferred procedures and checkup of patients temperature) was computed using RevMan 5.3 and random effect model was used. The presence of publication bias was assessed using the funnel plot. Results: Twelve articles with a total of 5,362 study participants were included in this study. The pooled estimate revealed that 59.91% of the dental professionals had good knowledge of the signs and symptoms of COVID-19. Two-third of dental professionals know the prevention mechanisms of the infection, and 70.13% had enough knowledge of the transmission modalities of the infection. The professional attitude revealed that only 36.43% of the participants had intention to treat a patient with cough or suspected COVID-19 (36.43%, 95%CI: 8.57, 64.29). Moreover, 47.85% of the dentists were concerned about their life, and the fate of their profession due to this pandemic disease (47.85%, 95%CI: 26.74, 68.97). The pooled analysis showed only 50.86% (95%CI: 18.64, 83.09) of the study participants worn face mask and 52.63% (95%CI: 10.54, 94.71) had avoided handshaking practice during this pandemic period. Non-emergency dental procedures were canceled by 83.98%. Conclusion: The dental professional KAP is not optimal. Thus, dental professionals should be aware of the recently updated knowledge about COVID-19 and practice according to the standards of treatment guidelines, and the recommended infection control measures in dental settings. Moreover, as saliva and droplets are the major sources of infection, dentists should follow essential protocols to regulate droplet and aerosol contamination in the dental practice

Subject Areas

KAP; Dental professionals; COVID-19; Pandemic; risk of infection, SARS-CoV-2

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