Version 1
: Received: 6 April 2020 / Approved: 8 April 2020 / Online: 8 April 2020 (04:05:22 CEST)

How to cite:
Hassan, S.S.; Mondal, S.; Mandal, S.; Sau, C. Asymptotic Dynamics of a Class of Third Order Rational Difference Equations. Preprints2020, 2020040114. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0114.v1
Hassan, S.S.; Mondal, S.; Mandal, S.; Sau, C. Asymptotic Dynamics of a Class of Third Order Rational Difference Equations. Preprints 2020, 2020040114. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0114.v1

Hassan, S.S.; Mondal, S.; Mandal, S.; Sau, C. Asymptotic Dynamics of a Class of Third Order Rational Difference Equations. Preprints2020, 2020040114. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0114.v1

APA Style

Hassan, S.S., Mondal, S., Mandal, S., & Sau, C. (2020). Asymptotic Dynamics of a Class of Third Order Rational Difference Equations. Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0114.v1

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hassan, S.S., Swagata Mandal and Chumki Sau. 2020 "Asymptotic Dynamics of a Class of Third Order Rational Difference Equations" Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202004.0114.v1

Abstract

The asymptotic dynamics of the classes of rational difference equations (RDEs) of third order defined over the positive real-line as $$\displaystyle{x_{n+1}=\frac{x_{n}}{ax_n+bx_{n-1}+cx_{n-2}}}, \displaystyle{x_{n+1}=\frac{x_{n-1}}{ax_n+bx_{n-1}+cx_{n-2}}}, \displaystyle{x_{n+1}=\frac{x_{n-2}}{ax_n+bx_{n-1}+cx_{n-2}}}$$ and $$\displaystyle{x_{n+1}=\frac{ax_n+bx_{n-1}+cx_{n-2}}{x_{n}}}, \displaystyle{x_{n+1}=\frac{ax_n+bx_{n-1}+cx_{n-2}}{x_{n-1}}}, \displaystyle{x_{n+1}=\frac{ax_n+bx_{n-1}+cx_{n-2}}{x_{n-2}}}$$ is investigated computationally with theoretical discussions and examples. It is noted that all the parameters $a, b, c$ and the initial values $x_{-2}, x_{-1}$ and $x_0$ are all positive real numbers such that the denominator is always positive. Several periodic solutions with high periods of the RDEs as well as their inter-intra dynamical behaviours are studied.

Keywords

rational difference equations; local asymptotic stability; periodic; Quasi-Periodic and Fractal-like trajectory

Subject

Computer Science and Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Copyright:
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.