Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Validation of a Novel Connected “Smart” Stoma Bag to Monitor Output in Ostomates

Version 1 : Received: 14 June 2019 / Approved: 16 June 2019 / Online: 16 June 2019 (17:15:26 CEST)

How to cite: Fearn, R.I.; Naik, A.J.T.; Dorofeeva, I.; Wu, Y.; Ramirez, D.; Borden, P.A.; Landon, C. Validation of a Novel Connected “Smart” Stoma Bag to Monitor Output in Ostomates. Preprints 2019, 2019060151 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0151.v1). Fearn, R.I.; Naik, A.J.T.; Dorofeeva, I.; Wu, Y.; Ramirez, D.; Borden, P.A.; Landon, C. Validation of a Novel Connected “Smart” Stoma Bag to Monitor Output in Ostomates. Preprints 2019, 2019060151 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201906.0151.v1).

Abstract

Over 55% of stoma patients suffer complications such as dehydration. Outcomes may be improved through communicating stoma output data to the patient and their clinical teams. Past artificial neural networks to improve accuracy in fluid level sensing were designed to account for ‘slosh’ caused by variable acceleration in one or two axes of movement. This paper describes the development of a novel sensor platform for non-invasive monitoring of stoma output in real time through incorporating a volumetric array consisting of thermistors and capacitive sensors into an ostomy appliance. Stoma output which exits the body at core temperature passes into a stoma appliance in a pattern which is dictated by water content, existing effluent within the bag and distortion of the usual bag shape. By using thermistors, a thermal boundary demarcates the accumulated level of fecal material as the effluent settles. A capacitive array allows the measurement of volume of output. The sensing components communicates via near field communication (NFC) and transmits data to a smartphone application by Bluetooth low energy (BLE). Testing of the device on 11 existing ileostomy patients with 51.6 bag hours of data found a correlation between measured volume and predictive value, supporting its use in this population.

Subject Areas

ostomy; remote monitoring; stoma bag; machine learning; thermistor; capacitive sensor

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