Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Diatoms Green Nanotechnology for Biosilica-Based Drug Delivery Systems

Version 1 : Received: 22 October 2018 / Approved: 22 October 2018 / Online: 22 October 2018 (16:15:47 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Terracciano, M.; De Stefano, L.; Rea, I. Diatoms Green Nanotechnology for Biosilica-Based Drug Delivery Systems. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 242. Terracciano, M.; De Stefano, L.; Rea, I. Diatoms Green Nanotechnology for Biosilica-Based Drug Delivery Systems. Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 242.

Journal reference: Pharmaceutics 2018, 10, 242
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics10040242

Abstract

Diatom microalgae are the most outstanding natural source of porous silica. Diatom cell is enclosed in 3-D ordered nanopatterned silica cell wall, called frustule. The unique properties of diatoms frustule, including high specific surface area, thermal stability, biocompatibility, tailorable surface chemistry, make them really promising for biomedical applications. Moreover, diatoms are easy to cultivate in artificial environment and there is a huge availability of diatom frustules as fossil material (diatomite) in several areas of the world. For all these reasons, diatoms are an intriguing alternative to synthetic materials for the development of low-cost drug delivery systems. This review article focuses on the possible use of diatoms derived silica as drug carrier systems. The functionalization strategies of diatom micro-/nanoparticles for improving their biophysical properties, such as cellular internalization and drug loading/release kinetics, are described. In addition, the realization of hybrid diatom-based devices with advanced properties for theranostics and targeted or augmented drug delivery applications, are also discussed.

Subject Areas

nanotechnology; diatom; biosilica; drug delivery; hybrid devices

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