Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Relative Influence of Generic Essential Drugs and Nursing Staff Supplies on Access to Primary Healthcare Services in Burkina Faso: A Trivariate Probit Modeling Approach

Version 1 : Received: 22 February 2018 / Approved: 23 February 2018 / Online: 23 February 2018 (05:26:19 CET)

How to cite: Niankara, I. The Relative Influence of Generic Essential Drugs and Nursing Staff Supplies on Access to Primary Healthcare Services in Burkina Faso: A Trivariate Probit Modeling Approach. Preprints 2018, 2018020147 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0147.v1). Niankara, I. The Relative Influence of Generic Essential Drugs and Nursing Staff Supplies on Access to Primary Healthcare Services in Burkina Faso: A Trivariate Probit Modeling Approach. Preprints 2018, 2018020147 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201802.0147.v1).

Abstract

This study uses data from the pilot project "Community Monitoring for Better Health and Education Services Delivery Project'' in Burkina Faso, to model the joint impact of generic essential drugs and nursing staff supplies constraints on access to primary health care in the country. The results show that statistical endogeneity of supply side constraints are present in the standard univariate probit specification of access to care. However, when accounted for, the resulting Trivariate Probit model shows that although shortages of generic essential drugs supply do not seem to constitute a significant barrier to access in Burkina Faso, shortages in nursing staff supply do. In fact, the likelihood of primary care access is reduced by 85.5% among those that reported having experienced a shortage in nursing staff, while paradoxically increasing by 60.3% among those that reported having experienced a shortage in generic essential drugs. A potential explanation for these findings is that overall the health care needs in the three surveyed regions in the country were more linked to primary health care services consumption from nurses, although further research would be important to clearly elucidate the position of health goods such as generic essential drugs.

Subject Areas

access to care; Burkina Faso; generic essential drugs; nursing staff; Trivariate Probit

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