Preprint Article Version 1 This version not peer reviewed

A Longitudinal Approach to Biological Psychiatric Research: The PsyCourse Study

Version 1 : Received: 26 October 2017 / Approved: 27 October 2017 / Online: 27 October 2017 (11:58:11 CEST)

How to cite: Budde, M.; Anderson-Schmidt, H.; Gade, K.; Reich-Erkelenz, D.; Adorjan, K.; Kalman, J.L.; Senner, F.; Papiol, S.; Andlauer, T.F.M.; Comes, A.L.; Schulte, E.C.; Klöhn-Saghatolislam , F.; Gryaznova, A.; Hake, M.; Bartholdi, K.; Flatau, L.; Reitt, M.; Quast, S.; Stegmaier, S.; Meyers, M.; Emons, B.; Haußleiter, I.S.; Juckel, G.; Nieratschker, V.; Dannlowski, U.; Schmauß, M.; Zimmermann, J.; Reimer, J.; Schulz, S.; Wiltfang, J.; Reininghaus, E.; Anghelescu, I.; Arolt, V.; Baune, B.T.; Konrad, C.; Thiel, A.; Fallgatter, A.J.; Figge, C..; von Hagen, M.; Koller, M.; Lang, F.U.; Wigand, M.E.; Becker, T.; Jäger, M.; Dietrich, D.E.; Stierl, S.; Scherk, H.; Spitzer, C.; Folkerts, H.; Witt, S.H.; Degenhardt, F.; Forstner, A.J.; Rietschel, M.; Nöthen, M.M.; Falkai, P.; Schulze, T.G.; Heilbronner, U. A Longitudinal Approach to Biological Psychiatric Research: The PsyCourse Study. Preprints 2017, 2017100169 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201710.0169.v1). Budde, M.; Anderson-Schmidt, H.; Gade, K.; Reich-Erkelenz, D.; Adorjan, K.; Kalman, J.L.; Senner, F.; Papiol, S.; Andlauer, T.F.M.; Comes, A.L.; Schulte, E.C.; Klöhn-Saghatolislam , F.; Gryaznova, A.; Hake, M.; Bartholdi, K.; Flatau, L.; Reitt, M.; Quast, S.; Stegmaier, S.; Meyers, M.; Emons, B.; Haußleiter, I.S.; Juckel, G.; Nieratschker, V.; Dannlowski, U.; Schmauß, M.; Zimmermann, J.; Reimer, J.; Schulz, S.; Wiltfang, J.; Reininghaus, E.; Anghelescu, I.; Arolt, V.; Baune, B.T.; Konrad, C.; Thiel, A.; Fallgatter, A.J.; Figge, C..; von Hagen, M.; Koller, M.; Lang, F.U.; Wigand, M.E.; Becker, T.; Jäger, M.; Dietrich, D.E.; Stierl, S.; Scherk, H.; Spitzer, C.; Folkerts, H.; Witt, S.H.; Degenhardt, F.; Forstner, A.J.; Rietschel, M.; Nöthen, M.M.; Falkai, P.; Schulze, T.G.; Heilbronner, U. A Longitudinal Approach to Biological Psychiatric Research: The PsyCourse Study. Preprints 2017, 2017100169 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201710.0169.v1).

Abstract

In current diagnostic systems, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are still conceptualized as distinct categorical entities. Recently, both clinical and genetic evidence have challenged this Kraepelinian dichotomy. There are only few longitudinal studies addressing the potential overlaps between these conditions. Here, we present design and first results of the PsyCourse study, an ongoing transdiagnostic study of the affective-to-psychotic continuum that combines longitudinal deep phenotyping and dimensional assessment of psychopathology with an extensive collection of biomaterial. Within the DSM-IV framework, we compare two broad diagnostic groups: one consisting of predominantly affective and one of predominantly psychotic disorders. Depressive, manic, and psychotic symptoms as well as global functioning over time were analyzed. Furthermore, we explore the effects of polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia on diagnostic group membership and address their effects on non-participation in follow-up visits. While phenotypic results show differences in both current psychotic and manic symptoms, depressive symptoms did not vary between both groups. Polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia significantly explained part of the variability of the diagnostic group. Furthermore, there was a trend that a higher polygenic loading for schizophrenia was associated with attrition. Because of its unique properties, the PsyCourse study presents a prime resource for the interrogation of complex genotype-phenotype relationships.

Subject Areas

Schizophrenia; bipolar; psychosis; depression; polygenic risk score; diagnosis; RDoC

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