Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Enhancing Singapore’s Pension Scheme: A Blueprint for Further Flexibility

Version 1 : Received: 6 December 2016 / Approved: 7 December 2016 / Online: 7 December 2016 (10:27:23 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kwong, K.-S.; Tse, Y.-K.; Chan, W.-S. Enhancing Singapore’s Pension Scheme: A Blueprint for Further Flexibility. Risks 2017, 5, 25. Kwong, K.-S.; Tse, Y.-K.; Chan, W.-S. Enhancing Singapore’s Pension Scheme: A Blueprint for Further Flexibility. Risks 2017, 5, 25.

Journal reference: Risks 2017, 5, 25
DOI: 10.3390/risks5020025

Abstract

Building a social security system to ensure Singapore residents have peace of mind in funding for retirement has been at the top of Singapore Government’s policy agenda over the last decade. Implementation of the Lifelong Income For the Elderly (LIFE) scheme in 2009 clearly shows that the government spares no effort in improving its pension scheme to boost its residents’ income after retirement. Despite the recent modifications to the LIFE scheme, Singapore residents must still choose between two plans: the Standard and Basic plans. To enhance the flexibility of the LIFE scheme while maintaining its simplicity, we propose some plan modifications such that scheme members do not face a dichotomy of plan choices. Instead, they select two age parameters: the Payout Age and the Life-annuity Age. This paper provides an actuarial framework for determining members’ payouts and bequests based on the proposed age parameters. We analyze the net cash receipts and internal rate of return (IRR) for various plan-parameter configurations. This information helps members make their plan choices. To address cost-of-living increases we propose to extend the plan to accommodate an annual step-up of monthly payouts. By deferring the Payout Age from 65 to 68, members can enjoy an annual increase of about 2% of the payouts for the same first-year monthly benefits.

Subject Areas

inflation risk; investment returns; life annuity; longevity risk; post-retirement benefits

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