Preprint Conference Paper Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Assessment of Impediments and Factors Affecting Waste Management: A Case of Accra Metropolis

  1. School of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China
  2. Hubei Provincial Collaborative Innovation Center for High Efficient Utilization of Vanadium Resources, Wuhan University of Technology, Luoshi Road 122, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China
  3. Hubei Key Laboratory of Mineral Resources Processing and Environment, Wuhan University of Technology, Luoshi Road 122, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China
Version 1 : Received: 28 August 2016 / Approved: 5 September 2016 / Online: 5 September 2016 (11:28:07 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 7 September 2016 / Approved: 9 September 2016 / Online: 9 September 2016 (07:42:15 CEST)

How to cite: Fagariba, C.; Song, S. Assessment of Impediments and Factors Affecting Waste Management: A Case of Accra Metropolis. Preprints 2016, 2016090012 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201609.0012.v1). Fagariba, C.; Song, S. Assessment of Impediments and Factors Affecting Waste Management: A Case of Accra Metropolis. Preprints 2016, 2016090012 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201609.0012.v1).

Abstract

Solid waste management in Accra is a major challenge to the Metropolitan Authorities and inhabitants. The rapidly increasing population coupled with poor capacity of the municipal and private waste management companies to management waste effectively has created issues of environmental concern. Due to poor wastement managements systems, most household dispose waste discriminately leading to floods and health issues. The study showed that about 60% of household waste is organic materials which has the potential to be converted to compost for agriculture purpose. Meanwhile plastics and rubbers which litters the environment  as well as blocking major storm drains and gutters hence creating huge environmental hazard is made of 11% of the total component of most household waste generated daily. The study also revealed that among the methods of disposing waste, dumping waste in skip containers located at authorized places was the preferred means of disposing waste by household though others also dispose waste by other means such as burying and burning. Inadequate skip containers per population of household in an area coupled with irregularity of tracks picking these containers makes skip containers dumping site ugly scene, hence creating health issues. Among the constraints that impact negatively on sustainable waste management in Accra Metropolis, economic constraints was perceived as the main challenge which affect efficient waste management as currently the country is going through serious economic challenges so government does not release money timely to fund projects which waste management is key. Most donor partners that use to support the government with funds have either reduced or redrawn their services as they have no confidence in the state of Ghana economy. Aside the constrains, the study also indicated that factors such as poor public attitude towards waste management, poor enforcement of sanitation by-laws, inadequate and untimely release of government funds were also seen as the main factors affecting waste management.

Subject Areas

constraints; factors; household; solid waste management

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