Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Short-Range Vital Signs Sensing Based on EEMD and CWT Using IR-UWB Radar

Xikun Hu 1 and Tian Jin 1,*
  1. College of Electronic Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
Version 1 : Received: 25 August 2016 / Approved: 25 August 2016 / Online: 25 August 2016 (08:57:22 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 15 September 2016 / Approved: 15 September 2016 / Online: 15 September 2016 (11:24:00 CEST)
Version 3 : Received: 9 November 2016 / Approved: 10 November 2016 / Online: 10 November 2016 (07:13:01 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Hu, X.; Jin, T. Short-Range Vital Signs Sensing Based on EEMD and CWT Using IR-UWB Radar. Sensors 2016, 16, 2025. Hu, X.; Jin, T. Short-Range Vital Signs Sensing Based on EEMD and CWT Using IR-UWB Radar. Sensors 2016, 16, 2025.

Journal reference: Sensors 2016, 16, 2025
DOI: 10.3390/s16122025

Abstract

The designed radar sensor realizes the healthcare monitoring capable of short-range to detect the chest-wall movement of the subject caused by cardiopulmonary activities, and wirelessly estimating the distance from the sensor to the subject without any devices being attached to the body. Ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) based denoise method and 1-D continuous-wavelet transform (CWT) are applied for improving on the detection SNR so that accurate respiration rate and heartbeat rate can be acquired in time domain or frequency domain with further distance. No choosing the conventional Doppler radar only able to capture the Doppler signatures due to the lack of bandwidth information as noncontact sensor, we take full advantages of ultra-wideband (UWB) impulse radar to make it low power consumed and portable conveniently, with flexible detection range and preferable accuracy. This noncontact healthcare sensor system addressed proves the commercial feasibility and vast availability of using compact impulse radar for emerging biomedical applications. Compared with traditional contact measurement devices, experimental results utilizing the 2.3 GHz bandwidth transceiver, demonstrate 100% similar results.

Subject Areas

impulse radar; ultra-wideband (UWB); noncontact; short-range; healthcare; respiration; heartbeat; SNR; ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD); continuous-wavelet transform (CWT)

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