Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Effects of Cold Stress on the Photosynthesis and Antioxidant System of Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall.

Version 1 : Received: 16 March 2017 / Approved: 17 March 2017 / Online: 17 March 2017 (04:46:21 CET)

How to cite: Zhou, X.; Chen, S.; Wu, H.; Xu, H. Effects of Cold Stress on the Photosynthesis and Antioxidant System of Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall.. Preprints 2017, 2017030131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201703.0131.v1). Zhou, X.; Chen, S.; Wu, H.; Xu, H. Effects of Cold Stress on the Photosynthesis and Antioxidant System of Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall.. Preprints 2017, 2017030131 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201703.0131.v1).

Abstract

Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall., live in Changbai Mountain being exposed to chilling temperature, high light intensities and water scarcity condition. To adapt to the harsh environment, the cold resistance mechanisms of R. chrysanthum have been successfully evolved in the long-term adaptive process. In our present work, the methods of proteomics combined with physiological and biochemical analyses were used to investigate the effects of cold stress on the photosynthesis and antioxidant system of Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall. and the molecular mechanisms involved in cold resistance of plants. A total of 153 photosynthesis related proteins were identified in present work, of which 7 proteins including Rubisco large subunit (rbcL) were up-regulated in experiment group (EG) compared with control group (CG). Simultaneously, four chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were measured in present study. The results showed that the maximum photochemical efficiency of photosystem II (Fv/Fm), actual quantum yield of PSII (Y(II)) and photochemical quenching (qP) were significantly higher in EG, whereas the non-photochemical quenching (NPQ) was notably decreased. Cold stress could lead to a significant reduction in electron transport rate (ETR) accompanied with an increase in excitation pressure (1-qP). The abundance of PetE which involved in the plants photosynthetic electron transfer was also significantly influenced by cold stress. Moreover, the up-regulated expressions and higher levels of enzymatic activities of Glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and Ascorbate peroxidases (APXs) were detected in EG. All these changes which can help plants to survive in low temperature are considered as the crucial parts of cold tolerance mechanisms. These results revealed that photosynthesis and redox adjustment play significant roles in the defense of cold-induced damage.

Subject Areas

Rhododendron chrysanthum Pall.; cold stress; chlorophyll fluorescence; photosynthesis; antioxidant enzymes

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