Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist (IL1RA) and Interleukin-4 (IL4) Genes Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTRs) Are Associated with Adiposity in Malaysian Subjects

Version 1 : Received: 10 January 2017 / Approved: 10 January 2017 / Online: 10 January 2017 (10:27:41 CET)

How to cite: Kok, Y.; Ong, H.; Say, Y. Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist (IL1RA) and Interleukin-4 (IL4) Genes Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTRs) Are Associated with Adiposity in Malaysian Subjects. Preprints 2017, 2017010050 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0050.v1). Kok, Y.; Ong, H.; Say, Y. Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist (IL1RA) and Interleukin-4 (IL4) Genes Variable Number Tandem Repeats (VNTRs) Are Associated with Adiposity in Malaysian Subjects. Preprints 2017, 2017010050 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0050.v1).

Abstract

IL1RA intron 2 86-bp repeat and IL4 intron 3 70-bp repeat are VNTRs that have been associated with various diseases, but their role in obesity is elusive. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of IL1RA and IL4 VNTRs with obesity and adiposity in 315 Malaysian subjects (128 M/187 F; 23 Malays/251 ethnic Chinese/41 ethnic Indians). The allelic distributions of IL1RA and IL4 were significantly different among ethnicities, and the alleles were associated with total body fat (TBF) classes. Individuals with IL1RA I/II genotype or allele II had greater risk of having higher adiposity - even after controlling for ethnicity [Odds Ratio (OR) of I/II genotype = 12.21 (CI = 2.54, 58.79; p = 0.002); II allele = 5.78 (CI = 1.73, 19.29; p = 0.004)]. However, IL4 VNTR B2 allele was only significantly associated with overall adiposity status before adjusting for ethnicity [OR = 1.53 (CI = 1.04, 2.23; p = 0.03)]. TBF was also significantly higher in those with IL1RA II allele compared with I allele (31.79 ± 2.52 vs. 23.51 ± 0.40; p = 0.005). Taken together, IL1RA intron 3 VNTR seems to be a genetic marker for overall adiposity status in Malaysian subjects.

Subject Areas

Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra); Interleukin-4 (IL-4); Variable Number Tandem Repeat (VNTR); obesity; adiposity; Malaysia.

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