Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Discrimination and Distress among Afghan Refugees in Northern California: The Moderating Role of Pre- and Post-Migration Factors

These authors contributed equally to this work.
Version 1 : Received: 9 January 2017 / Approved: 10 January 2017 / Online: 10 January 2017 (10:24:10 CET)

How to cite: Alemi, Q.; Stempel, C. Discrimination and Distress among Afghan Refugees in Northern California: The Moderating Role of Pre- and Post-Migration Factors. Preprints 2017, 2017010049 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0049.v1). Alemi, Q.; Stempel, C. Discrimination and Distress among Afghan Refugees in Northern California: The Moderating Role of Pre- and Post-Migration Factors. Preprints 2017, 2017010049 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201701.0049.v1).

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of other factors using scales developed through inductive techniques. Multivariate analyses consisted of a series of hierarchical regressions testing the effect of perceived discrimination on distress, followed by a sequential analysis of moderator variables. Perceived discrimination was significantly associated with higher distress, and this relationship was stronger among those with a strong intra-ethnic identity, high civic engagement, and high pre-resettlement traumatic experiences. Discrimination is a significant source of stress for Afghan refugees, which may exacerbate stresses associated with other post-migration stressors. Future research is needed to tailor interventions that can help mitigate the stress associated with discrimination among this highly vulnerable group.

Subject Areas

Afghan, civic engagement, discrimination, distress, ethnic identity, pre-resettlement trauma

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