Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Social License to Operate and Adaptive Co-Marketing: Exchange, Social Capital and Community-Based Social Marketing

  1. Department of Management, Marketing and Entrepreneurship, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  2. School of Business and Economics, Linneaus University, Kalmar, Sweden
  3. Department of Geography, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  4. School of Hospitality and Tourism, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Version 1 : Received: 30 November 2016 / Approved: 30 November 2016 / Online: 30 November 2016 (05:13:35 CET)

How to cite: Hall, C.; Power, H. Social License to Operate and Adaptive Co-Marketing: Exchange, Social Capital and Community-Based Social Marketing. Preprints 2016, 2016110149 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0149.v1). Hall, C.; Power, H. Social License to Operate and Adaptive Co-Marketing: Exchange, Social Capital and Community-Based Social Marketing. Preprints 2016, 2016110149 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0149.v1).

Abstract

The concept of a Social License to Operate (SLO) has become increasingly important in the sustainability literature in recent years. Having its origins in the business discourse of the mining industry with respect to limiting opposition to mining projects, the notion of a social contract above and beyond legal requirements has since become applied across a number of different industries. Despite the concepts adoption confusion exists over the practices and outcomes of SLO, and particularly the nature of engagement. Given this situation it is surprising that not more attention to the role of marketing, and social marketing in particular, in operationalizing the concept. The paper discusses the potential of social marketing to contribute to SLO. Economic, political and social relations are complex in SLO and exchange is intricate in such relational environments. A community-based social marketing orientation is proposed as a means to improve exchange relations and enhance engagement. Seven models of SLO related social marketing models are discussed with community-based social marketing and adaptive co-marketing models being regarded as the most positive for the achievement of an SLO. Potential barriers to adoption of these approaches are noted.

Subject Areas

adaptive co-marketing; social marketing; community-based social marketing; social license to operate; community engagement; corporate social responsibility; marketing strategy

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