Preprint Review Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Forest Protected Area Systems and Biodiversity Conservation in Bangladesh

  1. Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, QLD, Australia
  2. Tropical Forestry Group, School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  3. School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  4. Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, School of Agriculture and Mineral Sciences, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh
  5. Department of Development Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Version 1 : Received: 18 November 2016 / Approved: 18 November 2016 / Online: 18 November 2016 (15:20:07 CET)

How to cite: Mukul, S.; Rashid, A.; Khan, N. Forest Protected Area Systems and Biodiversity Conservation in Bangladesh. Preprints 2016, 2016110101 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0101.v1). Mukul, S.; Rashid, A.; Khan, N. Forest Protected Area Systems and Biodiversity Conservation in Bangladesh. Preprints 2016, 2016110101 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0101.v1).

Abstract

Despite of being an exceptionally biodiversity rich country, the forest coverage of Bangladesh is declining at an alarming rate. Declaration and management of protected areas in this regard is one of the efforts from government side to tackle the loss of biodiversity. The limited numbers of forest-protected areas (FPA), established to conserve the dwindling forest biodiversity of the country with high pressure on them for timber, non-timber forest products, and fuelwood - makes their management challenging. Moreover, most of the FPAs of the country declared only in the recent decades with very limited infrastructure, manpower and policy support for monitoring and governance. Some people-centred approaches for the management of FPAs and alternative livelihood and income generation subsidies although made available through a few project interventions, their number are still inadequate and performance remains less than satisfactory. This chapter provides a critical review of the FPAs of Bangladesh looking at their role in biodiversity conservation, management challenges, and key lessons from previous management interventions with recommendations for the future. It has been revealed that the FPA system of Bangladesh still poorly represents the diverse forest ecosystems with relatively small forest size and lack of corridors for the movement of wildlife. There are ample opportunities to render co-management of FPAs an effective strategy to minimize the conflicts in FPAs management in the country. It is, however, important to ensure the access of local forest-dependent people to different alternative income generating options that may adequately support their livelihoods.

Subject Areas

biodiversity conservation, livelihood, co-management, stakeholder, law enforcement

Readers' Comments and Ratings (0)

Discuss and rate this article
Views 105
Downloads 105
Comments 0
Metrics 0
Discuss and rate this article

×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.