Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Estimation of Particulate Matter Impact on Human Health within the Urban Environment of Athens City, Greece

  1. Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics, Mechanical Engineering Department, Piraeus University of Applied Sciences, 250 Thivon and P. Ralli Str., GR-12244 Athens, Greece
  2. Laboratory of Climatology and Atmospheric Environment, Faculty of Geology and Geoenvironment, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis Camp, GR-15784 Athens, Greece
Version 1 : Received: 13 November 2016 / Approved: 14 November 2016 / Online: 14 November 2016 (04:13:34 CET)

How to cite: Moustris, K.; Ntourou, K.; Nastos, P. Estimation of Particulate Matter Impact on Human Health within the Urban Environment of Athens City, Greece. Preprints 2016, 2016110068 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0068.v1). Moustris, K.; Ntourou, K.; Nastos, P. Estimation of Particulate Matter Impact on Human Health within the Urban Environment of Athens City, Greece. Preprints 2016, 2016110068 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0068.v1).

Abstract

The main objective of this work is the assessment of the annual number of hospital admissions for respiratory disease (HARD) due to the exposure to in-healable particulate matter (PM10), within the greater Athens area (GAA), Greece. Towards this aim, the time series of the particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 10μm (PM10) recorded in six monitoring stations located in the GAA, for a 13-year period 2001-2013, is used. Initially, a descriptive statistical treatment of PM10 concentrations took place. Furthermore, the AirQ2.2.3 software developed by the WHO was used to evaluate adverse health effects by PM10 in the GAA during the examined period. The results show that, during the examined period PM10 concentrations present a significant decreasing trend. Also, the mean annual HARD cases per 100,000 inhabitants ranged between 20 (suburban location) and 40 (city centre location). Approximately 70% of the annual HARD cases are due to city centre residents. In all examined locations, a declining trend in the annual number of HARD cases is appeared. Moreover, a strong relation between the annual number of HARD cases and the annual number of days exceeding the European Union daily PM10 threshold value was found.

Subject Areas

particulate matter; AirQ model; hospital admission respiratory disease; Athens; Greece

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