Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

An Emergy-Based Hybrid Method for Assessing Sustainability of an Resource-Dependent Region

  1. College of Land Science and Technology, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Version 1 : Received: 6 November 2016 / Approved: 7 November 2016 / Online: 7 November 2016 (05:15:13 CET)

How to cite: Qu, L.; Shi, X.; Liu, C. An Emergy-Based Hybrid Method for Assessing Sustainability of an Resource-Dependent Region. Preprints 2016, 2016110035 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0035.v1). Qu, L.; Shi, X.; Liu, C. An Emergy-Based Hybrid Method for Assessing Sustainability of an Resource-Dependent Region. Preprints 2016, 2016110035 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0035.v1).

Abstract

As the natural resources are getting exhausted, the concept of sustainable development of region has received increasing attentions, especially for resource-dependent cities. In this paper an innovative method that emergy analysis and IPAT (Human Impact Population Affluence Technology) model were combined in order to analyze the quantitative relationship of economic growth and energy consumption and further to evaluate its overall sustainability level. Taiyuan, a traditional, resource-dependent city in China, is selected as the case study region. The main results show that total emergy of Taiyuan increased from 9.023× 1023 sej in 2007 to 9.116× 1023sej in 2014, with 38% reduction on non-renewable emergy and 125% growth on imported emergy. Regional emergy money ratio (RMB) was reduced by 48% from 5.31× 1013sej/$ in 2007 to 2.74× 1013sej/$ in 2014, indicating that the increasing speed of consuming resources and energy was faster than the increase of GDP, and that Taiyuan’s money purchasing power declined. The lower emergy sustainability index (ESI) indicates that Taiyuan was explored and produced large quantities of mineral resources, which puts more stress on the environment as a consequence, and that this is not sustainable in the long run. The IPAT analysis demonstrates that Taiyuan sticks to the efforts of energy conservation and environmental protection, in order to promote regional sustainable development, it is necessary to take an integrated effort. Policy insights suggest that resourceful regions should improve include energy and resource efficiency, optimizing energy and resourceful structure.

Subject Areas

sustainability; resource-dependent city; emergy analysis; IPAT (Human Impact Population Affluence Technology) ; Taiyuan

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