Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

The Impact of Pay-As-You-Throw Schemes in the Management of Municipal Solid Waste: The Case of the County of Aschaffenburg, Germany

  1. County of Aschaffenburg, 06021 394-411, Germany
  2. E3 Europa, Aberdeen, UK
  3. Universität Stuttgart, Institut für Siedlungswasserbau, Wassergüte- und Abfallwirtschaft, Stuttgart 70569, Germany
  4. School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University, Bangor LL57 2DG, UK
  5. School of Engineering, University of Aberdeen, King’s College, Old Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 3FX, UK
  6. BZL Kommunikation und Projektsteuerung GmbH, Oyten 28876, Germany
Version 1 : Received: 2 November 2016 / Approved: 3 November 2016 / Online: 3 November 2016 (10:28:43 CET)

How to cite: Morlok, J.; Schoenberger, H.; Styles, D.; Galvez-Martos, J.; Zeschmar-Lahl, B. The Impact of Pay-As-You-Throw Schemes in the Management of Municipal Solid Waste: The Case of the County of Aschaffenburg, Germany. Preprints 2016, 2016110025 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0025.v1). Morlok, J.; Schoenberger, H.; Styles, D.; Galvez-Martos, J.; Zeschmar-Lahl, B. The Impact of Pay-As-You-Throw Schemes in the Management of Municipal Solid Waste: The Case of the County of Aschaffenburg, Germany. Preprints 2016, 2016110025 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201611.0025.v1).

Abstract

The “Pay-as-you-throw” scheme, PAYT, is an economic instrument of waste management that implements the “polluter pays” principle by charging inhabitants of municipalities according to the amount of residual, organic and bulky waste they send for third-party waste management. When combined with well-developed infrastructure to collect the different waste fractions (residual waste, paper and cardboard, plastics, bio waste, green cuttings, many recyclables) as well as with a good level of citizen’s awareness, its performance has frequently been linked to high collection rates of recyclables. However, the establishment and operation of PAYT systems can require significant resource inputs from municipalities. In this paper, PAYT is analysed through a case study from the German County of Aschaffenburg, covering nearly 20 years of implementation across 173,000 inhabitants. Key performance indicators applied include temporal trends in the county’s recyclables collection rate, waste treatment fees for residents and municipal waste management costs, benchmarked against German municipalities not implementing PAYT.

Subject Areas

waste management; economic instruments; pay-as-you-throw; municipal solid waste; recycling; environmental management

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