Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

An Analysis of Technical Efficiency for Household's Rice Production in Cambodia: A Case Study of Three Districts in Battambang Province

  1. College of Economics and Management (CEM), Northwest A&F University, 712100 Shaanxi, China
  2. Faculty of Sociology & Community Development, University of Battambang, 053 Battambang, Cambodia
  3. College of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering (CWRAE), Northwest A&F University, 712100 Shaanxi, China
Version 1 : Received: 29 October 2016 / Approved: 31 October 2016 / Online: 31 October 2016 (03:31:11 CET)

How to cite: Kea, S.; Li, H.; Pich, L. An Analysis of Technical Efficiency for Household's Rice Production in Cambodia: A Case Study of Three Districts in Battambang Province. Preprints 2016, 2016100135 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201610.0135.v1). Kea, S.; Li, H.; Pich, L. An Analysis of Technical Efficiency for Household's Rice Production in Cambodia: A Case Study of Three Districts in Battambang Province. Preprints 2016, 2016100135 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201610.0135.v1).

Abstract

The aims of this study are to measure the technical efficiency (TE) of Cambodian household’s rice production and trying to determine its main influencing factors using the stochastic frontier production function. The study utilized primary data collected from 301 rice farmers in three selected districts of Battambang by structured questionnaires. The empirical results indicated the level of household rice output varied according to differences in the efficiency of the production processes. The mean TE is 0.34 which means that famers produce 34% of rice at best practice at the current level of production inputs and technology, indicates that rice output has the potential of being increased further by 66% at the same level of inputs if farmers had been technically efficient. Furthermore, between 2013-2015, TE of household’s rice production recorded -14.3% decline rate due to highly affected of drought during dry season of 2015. Moreover, evidence reveals that land, fertilizer, and pesticide are the major influencing input factors of household’s rice production, while disaster, education of household head, family size and other crops’ cultivated area are core influencing factors decreasing TE. Conversely, the main influencing factors increasing TE are irrigated area, number of plot area and sex of household head.

Subject Areas

technical efficiency; stochastic frontier production function (SFA model); rice production; Battambang; Cambodia; agricultural productivity

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