Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Geography of Food Consumption Patterns between South and North China

  1. Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 03760, Korea
Version 1 : Received: 29 October 2016 / Approved: 31 October 2016 / Online: 31 October 2016 (02:51:27 CET)

How to cite: Song, F.; Cho, M. Geography of Food Consumption Patterns between South and North China. Preprints 2016, 2016100132 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201610.0132.v1). Song, F.; Cho, M. Geography of Food Consumption Patterns between South and North China. Preprints 2016, 2016100132 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201610.0132.v1).

Abstract

The geographical environment, food culture, and dietary habits are substantially different between the southern and northern regions in China. We investigated the associations with dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome between Chinese adult from the southern and northern regions (North: 1249; South: 1849) using data from the Chinese Health and Nutrition 2009 survey. Respectively, four dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis in the two regions. Each dietary pattern of factor score was calculated for three groups by tertile (T1<T2<T3). In the northern region, the association between the Alcohol and Western pattern and the risk of abdominal obesity (OR: 1.31; 95%:1.01, 1.68), hypertriglyceridemia (OR: 1.35; 95%:1.05, 1.74), high fasting blood glucose (OR: 1.37; 95%: 1.05, 1.80), and hypertension (OR: 1.55; 95%: 1.45, 1.99) was increased. In the southern region, the Convenience Food pattern was positively associated with hypertriglyceridemia (OR: 1.53; 95%: 1.03, 2.26), low HDL-cholesterol (OR: 1.96; 95%: 1.12, 3.43), and metabolic syndrome (OR: 1.79; 95%: 1.03, 3.11). The Alcohol dietary pattern was positively associated with high fasting blood glucose (OR: 1.83, 95%: 1.13, 2.97). There are some dietary pattern differences in the two regions. It is necessary to consider the factors of food culture and food intake habits in order to provide nutrition education to Chinese individuals from different regions in the future.

Subject Areas

Chinese adults; north region; south region; dietary pattern; metabolic syndrome

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