Preprint Review Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

A Review of Tropical Plants with Antifungal Activities against Plant Fungal Pathogens

  1. Laboratory of Biopesticide, Faculty of Agriculture Udayana University, Jl. PB. Sudirman, Denpasar – Bali- Indonesia
Version 1 : Received: 13 October 2016 / Approved: 13 October 2016 / Online: 13 October 2016 (11:50:21 CEST)

How to cite: Suprapta, D. A Review of Tropical Plants with Antifungal Activities against Plant Fungal Pathogens. Preprints 2016, 2016100049 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201610.0049.v1). Suprapta, D. A Review of Tropical Plants with Antifungal Activities against Plant Fungal Pathogens. Preprints 2016, 2016100049 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201610.0049.v1).

Abstract

Abstract Plant fungal pathogens are frequently found as one of limiting factors for crop production. More than 10,000 species of fungi can cause disease in plants. To control the diseases, many farmers are still rely on the use of chemical fungicides, however most synthetic fungicides can cause acute toxicity, and some cause chronic toxicity as well. Thus, an appropriate technological improvement towards a more effective use of natural resources is required in agriculture to develop environmentally friendly sustainable farming system. This paper highlights the potential of extracts of tropical plants as antifungal agent to control plant fungal diseases. Information and data presented in this paper are mainly derived from selected and related references that previously published in the scientific journals. Many higher plants of tropical origin with fungicidal activities and their potential for fungal disease control of agricultural crops have been studied, however most of the studies have been done under in vitro condition. Some plant extracts showed strong antifungal activities on in vitro as well as in vivo tests, but some plant extracts showed significant antifungal activities on in vitro test, but did not obvious on in vivo tests. A great variation in antifungal activities were shown by plants extracts of different species and plant parts, in one hand, and on the other hand, variation was also observed on the responses of different fungal species to the same plant extract. Since the purpose of the use of plant extract is to control plant fungal diseases, the field trial is needed to ensure the stability of efficacy of certain plant extract. In addition, isolation and identification of active substances in the extracts is needed to assess possible mode of action and side effect of their use.

Subject Areas

plant extracts; antifungal activity; fungal pathogens

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