Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Chemical Compositions of Ligusticum chuanxiong Oil and Lemongrass Oil and Their Joint Action against Aphis citricola van der Goot (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Chao Zhang 1 , Runqiang Liu 1 , Jun He 1 , Zhiqing Ma 1,2,* , Xing Zhang 1,2,*
  1. Research and Development Center of Biorational Pesticide, Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University, Yangling 712100, China
  2. Shaanxi Research Center of Biopesticide Engineering & Technology, Yangling 712100, China
Version 1 : Received: 6 September 2016 / Approved: 6 September 2016 / Online: 6 September 2016 (11:52:51 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhang, C.; Liu, R.; He, J.; Ma, Z.; Zhang, X. Chemical Compositions of Ligusticum chuanxiong Oil and Lemongrass Oil and Their Joint Action against Aphis citricola Van Der Goot (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Molecules 2016, 21, 1359. Zhang, C.; Liu, R.; He, J.; Ma, Z.; Zhang, X. Chemical Compositions of Ligusticum chuanxiong Oil and Lemongrass Oil and Their Joint Action against Aphis citricola Van Der Goot (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Molecules 2016, 21, 1359.

Journal reference: Molecules 2016, 21, 1359
DOI: 10.3390/molecules21101359

Abstract

In order to develop novel botanical insecticides, the joint action of Ligusticum chuanxiong oil (LCO) and lemongrass oil (LO) against Aphis citricola van der Goot was determined systematically indoors and outdoors. The chemical profiles of LCO and LO as determined by gas chromatography- mass spectrometry analysis revealed that main compounds from LCO were Z-Ligustilide (44.58%) and Senkyunolide A (26.92%), and that of LO were geranial (42.16%) and neral (32.58%), respectively. The mixture of LCO and LO showed significant synergy against
A. citricola, with a common-toxicity coefficient (CTC) value of 221.46 at the optimal ratio of LCO to LO (4: 1, w/w). Based on the results of solvents and emulsifiers screening, L. Chuanxiong oil · Lemongrass oil 20% emulsifiable concentrate (20% LCO · LO EC) was developed, which was confirmed to meet the requirements of a commercial pesticide by quality test. Field trials indicated that the insecticidal activity of the diluted 20% LCO · LO EC (1000 fold dilution) was comparable to conventional pesticide (20% imidacloprid EC) on A. citricola 7 days after application. Thus, the mixture of LCO and LO has the potential to be further developed as a botanical pesticide.

Subject Areas

lemongrass oil; Ligusticum chuanxiong oil; Aphis citricola van der Goot; botanical aphicides

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