Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

A Prelimary Molecular Approach for Characterizing Microorganisms Having the Potentials for Bioleaching of Iron Ore

  1. Department of Biosciences, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Salem University Lokoja, Lokoja, Nigeria
  2. Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka 410001, Nigeria
Version 1 : Received: 18 August 2016 / Approved: 19 August 2016 / Online: 19 August 2016 (09:23:04 CEST)

How to cite: Ekpa, E.; Onwurah, I.; Ezeanyika, L.; Odiba, J. A Prelimary Molecular Approach for Characterizing Microorganisms Having the Potentials for Bioleaching of Iron Ore. Preprints 2016, 2016080179 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201608.0179.v1). Ekpa, E.; Onwurah, I.; Ezeanyika, L.; Odiba, J. A Prelimary Molecular Approach for Characterizing Microorganisms Having the Potentials for Bioleaching of Iron Ore. Preprints 2016, 2016080179 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201608.0179.v1).

Abstract

One consequence of the global technological advancement in conventional metallurgy is the fast depletion rate of valuable minerals, which are also becoming increasingly difficult to find in pure and economically viable forms. This has spurred more interest in technologies that investigate ability of different microorganisms to mobilize valuable metals from their ores via diverse metabolic processes. This study was carried out therefore to isolate, identify and characterize iron solubilizing bacteria from Iron stones of Agbaja iron ore mining site of Kogi State, Nigeria. Crushed samples in the range of 0.25µm and 0.75µm particle sizes were cultured in a modified 9k media to facilitate bacterial growth and pure cultures were then isolated and sub-cultured for further bioleaching studies. Morphological and biochemical analysis suggests that some of the bacteria identified are members of Acidithiobacillus spp, Pseudomonas spp, and Leptospirillum spp. Studies conducted on pure cultures and mixed consortium of the identified organisms shows that a mixture of the three organisms leached iron ore to about 96.16%. Also results of growth pattern due to bacteria countafter 24-72hours of incubation ranged between 0.1×103 cfu/ml and 12.3 ×103 cfu/ml for Acidithiobacillus spp. The need to explore the molecular characteristics of these organisms with a view to generating more information on the quality/quantity of their DNA for future cloning activities was also investigated in this work. DNA was extracted using zymo fungal/bacterial extraction mini prep kit TM (cat #6001) and subsequently subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis. Visible bands were obtained with Alpha Innotech Gel Documentation Machine. DNA amplification was carried out using a pettier based thermo cycler PCR machine and electrophoresed on 1.5% agarose gel. Results of the PCR shows a visible band corresponding to 1.5kbp using this primer 27F (51-GAGTTTGATCCTGGCTCAG-31) and 1492R (51-GGTTACCTTGTTACGACT-31). DNA purity check shows two of the bacteria possess very good qualities for sequencing for further molecular analysis.

Subject Areas

bioleaching; molecuar analysis; bacteria; sequencing; iron ore

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