Preprint Article Version 1 NOT YET PEER-REVIEWED

Optimization on Airfoil of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Based on CST Parameterization and NSGA-II Aigorithm

  1. Aeronautics School, Northwestern Polytecnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
  2. Shanxi Coking Coal Anrui Electric Fan Limited Company, Yuncheng 044402, China
Version 1 : Received: 13 August 2016 / Approved: 13 August 2016 / Online: 13 August 2016 (09:15:42 CEST)

How to cite: Liang, C.; Xi, D.; Zhang, S.; Chen, B.; Wang, X.; Guo, Q. Optimization on Airfoil of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Based on CST Parameterization and NSGA-II Aigorithm. Preprints 2016, 2016080136 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201608.0136.v1). Liang, C.; Xi, D.; Zhang, S.; Chen, B.; Wang, X.; Guo, Q. Optimization on Airfoil of Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Based on CST Parameterization and NSGA-II Aigorithm. Preprints 2016, 2016080136 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201608.0136.v1).

Abstract

Optimizing the NACA0015 airfoil which is widely applied in small-scale vertical axis wind turbine to make it has a better aerodynamic performance. In the optimization process, using CST parameterization method to perturb the airfoil geometry, the thickness and camber of the airfoil are selected as the constraint, and the value of the maximum tangential force coefficient is chosen as the objective function, the genetic algorithm based on non-dominated sorting (NSGA-II)is selected as an optimization method, calculates the aerodynamic performance of the airfoil by applying the approach of combining XFOIL program and Viterna-Corrigan post-stall mode ,and establishes the optimizing process by the optimization software modefrontier for NACA0015 airfoil’s muti-point optimization, validate the airfoil’s performance with CFD finally. The result illustrates that, by comparing with the NACA0015 airfoil, the optimized airfoil’s lift to drag ratio is improved over a wide range of attack angles, the stall performance is more gentle. The maximum lift coefficient, the maximum lift-drag ratio and the maximum tangential force coefficient are increased by 7.5%,9 and 8.87%, respectively. The optimized airfoil has a wide variable condition performance, more suitable for the operating conditions of a vertical axis wind turbine. Finally, predict the rotor efficiency with optimized airfoil and NACA0015 airfoil for different tip speed ratios and different solidities with multiple streamtube model, the result shows the rotor with optimized airfoil has a higher efficiency.

Subject Areas

vertical axis wind turbine; CST parameterization; NSGA-II; airfoil; optimization; multiple streamtube model

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