Dept of Biochemistry/Stem Cell Research, National Institute of Nutrition (ICMR), Jamai Osmania, Tarnaka, Hyderabad, India
: Received: 4 August 2016 / Approved: 5 August 2016 / Online: 5 August 2016 (08:49:33 CEST)
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Ajumeera, R.; Venkatesan, V. Beneficial Effects of Pyridoxal Phosphate on Hydrogen Peroxide Induced Stress on Isolated Pancreatic Acinar Cells. Preprints2016, 2016080052 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201608.0052.v1).
Ajumeera, R.; Venkatesan, V. Beneficial Effects of Pyridoxal Phosphate on Hydrogen Peroxide Induced Stress on Isolated Pancreatic Acinar Cells. Preprints 2016, 2016080052 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201608.0052.v1).
Aims: To study the effects of pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) on oxidative stress in isolated pancreatic acinar cells. We have previously shown that PLP has cytoprotective and insulinotropic effects on mice islet cells in vivo and in vitro studies. Main methods: Acinar cells were isolated from three months old WNIN male rats and were cultured in vitro for a period of 24 h in CO2 incubator. Later the cells were divided into four groups as untreated (group 1), H2O2 treatment (group 2), PLP treatment (group 3) and PLP followed by H2O2 treatment (group 4). Cell viability was confirmed using MTT assays, oxidative stress levels were measured with ROS assay, change in different protein levels were recorded by flow cytometry. The acinar cells insulin secretion assay was performed with ELISA. The amylase protein expression was assessed using confocal microscopy. Key findings: The cell viability of acinar cell in group 1 was considered as 100%, while in group 2 it was reduced to 82% due to H2O2 effect, and in group 3 (99.8%) and group 4 (99.5%) were near to group 1 due to the cytoprotective effect of PLP. The ROS levels were increased by 1.47 folds in group 2, while PLP decreased to 1.02 fold in group 4, which was comparable with the changes in group 1. Beneficial effects of PLP were also observed from the increased expression levels of acinar cells are amylase -2.01, neurogenin-3-9.51, PDX-1- 23.6 and insulin-13.5 in group 3 compared to group 1. The specificity of PLP’s response was confirmed by amino oxy acetic acid (AOAA), a specific PLP inhibitor. The increased amylase protein localization with PLP was confirmed by confocal microscopy. Insulin secretion efficiency of acinar cells was observed to be 6.13 folds higher at basal and 24.63 fold higher at stimulated levels in group3 compared to group1. Significance: Our results advocate the antioxidant and cytoprotective effects of PLP on the pancreatic acinar cell along with increased pancreatic marker expressions of amylase,PDX-1, neurogenin-3 and insulin proteins.