ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.0028.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Other Keywords: Scheduled Castes; Caste system; reservation; social injustice; untouchability
Online: 2 October 2023 (03:55:40 CEST)
This paper examines the condition of the Scheduled Castes in India and recognizes the factors that are causing dismal performance of the Scheduled Castes despite reservation policies. The paper first discusses the condition of Scheduled Castes based on the parameters of social, economic, education, and political representation. It then provides a brief overview of the current reservation percentages allocated to Scheduled Castes in various sectors. Moreover, the paper explores the causes for the dismal performance of Scheduled Castes despite the existence of reservation policies. In order to improve the condition of Scheduled Castes, the paper proposes a multifaceted approach, including the consideration of socio-economic criteria for recognizing castes in the list of Scheduled Castes, dis reservation of affluent Scheduled Caste families, preferential appointment of Scheduled Castes in administrative positions within Scheduled Areas, and reforms within the National Commission for Scheduled Castes. The paper also emphasizes the importance of periodic evaluations of socioeconomic conditions, talent identification, and grassroots awareness campaigns as strategies to uplift the Scheduled Castes.Keywords
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202207.0445.v1
Subject: Engineering, Transportation Science And Technology Keywords: electric vehicles; public charging infrastructure; neighborhood charging; reservation system; urban; city; Hamburg
Online: 29 July 2022 (03:35:48 CEST)
Electric vehicles offer a means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in passenger transport. The availability of reliable charging infrastructure is crucial for the successful uptake of electric vehicles in dense urban areas. In a pilot project in the city of Hamburg, Germany, public charging infrastructure is equipped with a reservation option providing exclusive access for local residents and businesses. The present paper combines quantitative and qualitative methods to investigate the effects of the newly introduced neighborhood charging concept. We use a methodology combining a quantitative questionnaire survey and qualitative focus group discussions as well as the analyses of charging infrastructure utilization data. Results show that inner-city charging and parking options are of key importance for (potential) users of electric vehicles. Hence, the neighborhood concept is rated very positively. Providing guaranteed charging and parking facilities are therefore likely to increase the stock of EVs. On the other hand, these could to a large extent be additional cars with consequential disadvantages. The study shows that openly accessible infrastructure is presently utilized much more intense than the exclusive option. Consequentially, the concept evaluated should be part of an integrated approach managing parking and supporting efficient concepts like car sharing.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202112.0067.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Mathematical Physics Keywords: category; topos; presheaf; probability; validity; truth; conditional expectation; measurement; quantum mechanics; information; entropy; reduction; collapse; projection; logic; algebra; Wiener; Bayes; Boole; Heyting; Brownian motion; filter; crible; capacity; reservation; context
Online: 6 December 2021 (12:13:38 CET)
Research for a theory of quantum gravity has recently led to the use of presheaf topos. Quantum uncertainty is linked to the truth values of intuitionistic logic. This paper proposes transposing this model into a classic probability context, that of conditional mathematical expectations. A simulation of Brownian motion is offered for illustrative purposes.