ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202112.0436.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Applied Physics Keywords: photosensitive protein; electrical response; theoretical modelling; CAFM; EIS
Online: 27 December 2021 (15:48:20 CET)
Featured Application: Bio-electronic devices take advantages of some specific duties of biological matter. The specific ability of some proteins to use sunlight is considered for the realization of photo-electronic devices . Here the focus is on the role of the pH, whose variations seem to affect the protein conductance
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201905.0278.v1
Subject: Medicine & Pharmacology, Ophthalmology Keywords: NMDA; excitotoxicity; Glaucoma; melanopsin-RGCs; intrinsically photosensitive-RGCs; Brn3a+RGCs; adult albino rat; retina; SD-OCT
Online: 23 May 2019 (04:43:45 CEST)
We studied short- and long-term effects of intravitreal injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) on melanopsin-containing (m+) and non-melanopsin-containing (Brn3a+) retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). In adult SD-rats, the left eye received a single intravitreal injection of 5µL of 100nM NMDA. At 3 and 15 months, retinal thickness was measured in vivo using SD-OCT. Ex vivo analyses were done at 3, 7, 14 days or 15 months after damage. Whole-mounted retinas were immunolabelled for Brn3a and melanopsin, the total number of Brn3a+RGCs and m+RGCs were quantified and their topography represented. In control retinas, the mean total numbers of Brn3a+RGCs and m+RGCs were 78,903±3,572 and 2,358±144 (mean ± SD; n=10), respectively. In the NMDA injected retinas, Brn3a+RGCs numbers diminished to 50% and 25%, at 3 and 14 days, respectively, but there was no further loss up to 15 months. The number of immunoidentified m+RGCs decreased significantly at 3 days, recovered between 3-7 days and was back to normal thereafter. OCT measurements revealed a significant thinning of the left retinas at 3 and 15 months. Intravitreal injections of NMDA induce a rapid loss of 75% of Brn3a+RGCs, a transient downregulation of melanopsin expression but not m+RGC death, and a thinning of the inner retinal layers.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201806.0336.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Optics Keywords: gelatin; photosensitive materials; silver halide photographic emulsion; dichromated gelatin; selective tanning; short-wave UV radiation; photodestruction; diffraction efficiency; dyed gelatin; holographic structures; Weigert effect
Online: 21 June 2018 (08:13:26 CEST)
Because this issue journal is dedicated to Gelatin here we present a few applications of gelatin in the field of optics. It is understood that optics is the science that studies the production, propagation, interaction and detection of light. Regarding the detection there are some materials sensitive to light (photosensitive) that are used like photomultipliers, CCD’s, crystals, two dimension (2D) materials and more. Among the 2D materials the most popular through several centuries has been gelatin based photographic emulsion that records spatial distributions of light. More recently (1970) films made of Gelatin with Dichromate (DCG) and dyes have been used. We describe some characteristics and applications of these two photosensitive materials. Also we describe examples where gelatin is used as Relative Humidity (RH) sensor and in the fabrication of optical elements based on gelatin. This article is intended to researchers outside the optics community.