ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202007.0266.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematics Keywords: Laplace transform; Two-dimensional Laplace transform; Initial-conditions; Two-dimensional linear systems
Online: 12 July 2020 (15:46:45 CEST)
This paper reviews the unilateral and bilateral, one- and two-dimensional Laplace transforms. The unilateral and bilateral Laplace transforms are compared in the one-dimensional case, leading to the formulation of the initial-condition theorem. This problem is solved with all generality in the one- and two-dimensional cases with the bilateral Laplace transform. General two-dimensional linear systems are introduced and the corresponding transfer function defined.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.0395.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematics Keywords: Liouville derivative; scale derivative; Hadamard derivative; Laplace transform; Mellin transform; Z transform; Fourier transform
Online: 9 October 2023 (15:13:50 CEST)
The duality is one of the most interesting properties of the Laplace and Fourier transforms associated to the integer order derivative. Here, we will generalize it for fractional derivatives and extend the results to the Mellin, Z and discrete-time Fourier transforms. The scale and nabla derivatives are used.
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: asymptotic expansion, Lambert W function, Borel-Laplace transform, Fourier transform, initial value problem, formal power series, singular perturbation
Online: 11 May 2021 (11:11:02 CEST)
A family of linear singularly perturbed Cauchy problems is studied. The equations defining the problem combine both partial differential operators together with the action of linear fractional transforms. The exotic geometry of the problem in the Borel plane, involving both sectorial regions and strip-like sets, gives rise to asymptotic results relating the analytic solution and the formal one through Gevrey asymptotic expansions. The main results lean on the appearance of domains in the complex plane which remain intimately related to Lambert W function, which turns out to be crucial in the construction of the analytic solutions. On the way, an accurate description of the deformation of the integration paths defining the analytic solutions and the knowledge of Lambert W function are needed in order to provide the asymptotic behavior of the solution near the origin, regarding the perturbation parameter. Such deformation varies depending on the analytic solution considered, which lies in two families with different geometric features.
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series; partial differential equation; singular perturbation
Online: 14 June 2020 (13:06:30 CEST)
The work is devoted to the study of a family of linear initial value problems of partial differential equations in the complex domain, dealing with two complex time variables. The use of a truncated Laplace-like transformation in the construction of the analytic solution allows to overcome a small divisor phenomenon arising from the geometry of the problem and represents an alternative approach to the one proposed in a recent work by the first two authors. The result leans on the application of a fixed point argument and the classical Ramis-Sibuya theorem.
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: Asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series; linear partial differential equation; singular perturbation
Online: 30 September 2020 (13:06:44 CEST)
This paper is a slightly modified, abridged version of a previous work ``Parametric Gevrey asymptotics in two complex time variables through truncated Laplace transforms'' motivated by our contribution in the conference ``Formal and Analytic Solutions of Diff. (differential, partial differential, difference, q-difference, q-difference-differential) Equations on the Internet'' (FASnet20). It aims to clarify and give further detail at some crucial points concerning the asymptotic behavior of the solutions of the problems studied in that work.
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: Asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series; linear partial differential equation; singular perturbation
Online: 11 September 2020 (08:11:47 CEST)
This paper is a slightly modified, abridged version of a previous work "Parametric Gevrey asymptotics in two complex time variables through truncated Laplace transforms'' motivated by our contribution in the conference "Formal and Analytic Solutions of Diff. (differential, partial differential, difference, q-difference, q-difference-differential) Equations on the Internet'' (FASnet20). It aims to clarify and give further detail at some crucial points concerning the asymptotic behavior of the solutions of the problems studied in that work.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202104.0541.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Sinc methods; inverse Laplace transform; indefinite integrals; fractional calculus; Mittag−Leffler function; Prabhakar function; variable fractional order differentiation; variable fractional order integration
Online: 20 April 2021 (12:45:42 CEST)
We shall discuss three methods of inverse Laplace transforms. A Sinc-Thiele approxi- mation, a pure Sinc, and a Sinc-Gaussian based method. The two last Sinc related methods are exact methods of inverse Laplace transforms which allow us a numerical approximation using Sinc methods. The inverse Laplace transform converges exponentially and does not use Bromwich contours for computations. We apply the three methods to Mittag-Leffler functions incorporating one, two, and three parameters. The three parameter Mittag-Leffler function represents Prabhakar’s function. The exact Sinc methods are used to solve fractional differential equations of constant and variable differentiation order.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202305.1762.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Fractional Volterra integro-differential equation; Laplace fractional power series; Caputo fractional derivative, Laplace transform.
Online: 25 May 2023 (08:06:04 CEST)
In this paper, we compile the fractional power series method and the Laplace transform to design a new algorithm for solving the fractional Volterra integro-differential equation. For that, we assume the Laplace power series (LPS) solution in terms of power q=1m,m∈Z+, where the fractional derivative of order α=qγ for which γ∈Z+. This assumption will help us to write the integral, the kernel, and the nonhomogeneous terms as a LPS with the same power. The recurrence relations for finding the series coefficients can be constructed using this form. To demonstrate the algorithm's accuracy, the residual error is defined and calculated for several values of the fractional derivative. Two strongly nonlinear examples are discussed to provide the efficiency of the algorithm. The algorithm gains powerful results for this kind of problem. Under Caputo meaning the obtained results are illustrated numerically, and graphically. Geometrically, the behavior of the solution declares that the changing of the fractional derivative parameter values' in their domain alters the style of the attained solution in a symmetrical meaning and fully coinciding to the ordinary derivative value'. From these simulations, the results report that the recommended novel algorithm is a straightforward, accurate, and superb tool to generate analytic-approximate solutions for Integral, and integro-differental equations of fractional order.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201809.0155.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: the degenerate gamma function; the modified degenerategamma function; the degenerate Laplace Transformation; the modified degenerate Laplace Transformation
Online: 10 September 2018 (08:08:58 CEST)
Kim-Kim () studied some properties of the degenerate gamma and degenerate Laplace transformation and obtained their properties. In this paper, we define modified degenerate gamma and modified degenerate Laplace Transformation and investigate some properties and formulas related to them.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202012.0614.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Gamma function, Sumudu transform, Laplace transform, convolution
Online: 24 December 2020 (09:45:36 CET)
Saif et al. (J. Math. Comput. Sci. 21 (2020) 127-135) considered modified Laplace transform and developed some of their certain properties and relations. Motivated by this work, in this paper, we define modified Sumudu transform and investigate many properties and relations including modified Sumudu transforms of the power function, sine, cosine, hyperbolic sine, hyperbolic cosine, exponential function, and function derivatives. Moreover, we attain two shifting properties and a scale preserving theorem for the modified Sumudu transform. We give modified inverse Sumudu transform and investigate some relations and examples. Furthermore, we show that the modified Sumudu transform is the theoretical dual transform to the modified Laplace transform.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202312.0531.v1
Subject: Engineering, Civil Engineering Keywords: Soil hydraulics; FEM; Laplace equation; steady-state regime.
Online: 7 December 2023 (13:56:14 CET)
This article investigates hydraulic percolation in saturated porous media, focusing on containment systems using sheet pile walls and gravity concrete dams. The Laplace equation, which governs hydraulic flow in porous media, is solved using the Finite Element Method through the ANSYS software. The modeling of the porous media employs a planar quadratic element called Plane 55, originally used for thermal problems, composed of four nodes and one hydraulic degree of freedom per node. The numerical results of the water pressure acting on the hydraulic structure, flow rate, and hydraulic gradient at the outlet of the porous media are compared with results obtained in the technical-scientific literature using flow nets. Two different methodologies are used to obtain the rate of seepage: by using the average hydraulic velocity or by calculating the integral of the hydraulic gradient perpendicular to the flow area. Both methodologies are compared and validated in the numerical simulations. This work also demonstrates the importance of mesh refinement for obtaining the flow rate in the studied hydraulic systems.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202010.0209.v1
Subject: Engineering, Automotive Engineering Keywords: SAR amplitude; Laplace distribution; Rician distribution; Statistical modelling
Online: 9 October 2020 (15:47:49 CEST)
This paper presents a novel statistical model i.e. the Laplace-Rician distribution, for the characterisation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. Since accurate statistical models lead to better results in applications such as target tracking, classification, or despeckling, characterising SAR images of various scenes including urban, sea surface, or agricultural, is essential. The proposed Laplace-Rician model is investigated for SAR images of several frequency bands and various scenes in comparison to state-of-the-art statistical models that include K, Weibull, and Lognormal. The results demonstrate the superior performance and flexibility of the proposed model for all frequency bands and scenes.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201901.0122.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: conformable fractional derivative; conformable partial fractional derivative; conformable double Laplace decomposition method; conformable Laplace transform; Singular one dimensional coupled Burgers equations
Online: 14 January 2019 (07:04:49 CET)
This article deals with the conformable double Laplace transforms and their some properties with examples and also the existence Condition for the conformable double Laplace transform is studied. Finally, in order to obtain the solution of nonlinear fractional problems, we present a modified conformable double Laplace that we call conformable double Laplace decomposition methods (CDLDM). Then, we apply it to solve, Regular and singular conformable fractional coupled burgers equation illustrate the effectiveness of our method some examples are given.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202004.0088.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Enhance heat transfer; Nanofluids; CNTs; Fractional derivatives; Laplace transform
Online: 7 April 2020 (11:04:32 CEST)
Nanofluids are a novel class of heat transfer fluid that plays a vital role in industries. In mathematical investigations, these fluids are modeled in terms of traditional integer-order partial differential equations (PDEs). It is recognized that traditional PDEs cannot decode the complex behavior of physical flow parameters and memory effects. Therefore, this article intends to study the mixed convection heat transfer in nanofluid over an inclined vertical plate via fractional derivatives approach. The problem in hand is modeled in connection with Atangana-Baleanu fractional derivatives without singular and local kernel having strong memory. The human blood is considered as base fluid dispersing carbon nanotube (CNTs) (single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes(MWCNTs )) into it to form blood-CNTs nanofluid. The nanofluids are considered to flow in a saturated porous medium under the influence of an applied magnetic field. The exact analytical expressions for velocity and temperature profiles are acquired using the Laplace transform technique and plotted in various graphs. The empirical results indicate that the memory effect decreases with increasing fractional parameters in the case of both temperature and velocity profiles. Moreover, the temperature profile is higher for blood-SWCNTs by reason of higher thermal conductivity whereas, this trend is opposite in case of velocity profile due densities difference.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201901.0272.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematics Keywords: Flourier law of heat transfer; Temperature distribution; Laplace transform
Online: 28 January 2019 (09:49:47 CET)
This paper predict and effectively control the temperature distribution of the steady-state and transient states of anisotropic four-layer composite materials online, knowing the density, specific heat, heat conductivity and thickness of the composite materials. Based on the transfer function, a mathematical model was established to study the dynamic characteristics of heat transfer of the composite materials. First of all, the Fourier heat transfer law was used to establish a one-dimensional Fourier heat conduction differential equation for each composite layer, and the Laplace transformation was carried out to obtain the system function. Then the approximate second-order transfer function of the system was obtained by Taylor expansion, and the Laplace inverse transformation was carried out to obtain the transfer function of the whole system in the time domain. Finally, the accuracy of the simplified analytical solutions of the first, second and third order approximate transfer functions was compared with computer simulation. The results showed that the second order approximate transfer functions can describe the dynamic process of heat transfer better than others. The research on the dynamic characteristics of heat transfer in the composite layer and the dynamic model of heat transfer in composite layer proposed in this paper have a reference value for practical engineering application. It can effectively predict the temperature distribution of composite layer material and reduce the cost of experimental measurement of heat transfer performance of materials.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202012.0626.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Degenerate exponential function; degenerate gamma function; Sumudu transform; Laplace transform
Online: 24 December 2020 (13:52:29 CET)
Kim-Kim (Russ. J. Math. Phys. 2017, 24, 241-248) defined the degenerate Laplace transform and investigated some of their certain properties. Motivated by this study, in this paper, we introduce the degenerate Sumudu transform and establish some properties and relations. We derive degenerate Sumudu transforms of power functions, degenerate sine, degenerate cosine, degenerate hyperbolic sine, degenerate hyperbolic cosine, degenerate exponential function, and function derivatives. We also acquire a relationship between degenerate Sumudu transform and degenerate gamma function. Moreover, we investigate a scale preserving theorem for the degenerate Sumudu transform. Furthermore, we show that the degenerate Sumudu transform is the theoretical dual transform to the degenerate Laplace transform.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201711.0076.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: fractional calculus; k-bessel function; fractional kinetic equations; laplace transforms
Online: 13 November 2017 (03:45:49 CET)
Recently, representation formulae and monotonicity properties of generalized k-Bessel functions, Wk v,c., were established and studied by SR Mondal . In this paper, we pursue and investigate some of their image formulae. We then extract solutions for fractional kinetic equations, involving Wk v,c, by means of their Sumudu transforms. In the process, Important special cases are then revealed, and analyzed.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.0242.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematical And Computational Biology Keywords: Fractional operators; singular and non-singular kernels; Laplace transform; numerical method
Online: 3 November 2023 (11:03:35 CET)
This study develops a new definition of fractional derivative that mixes the definitions of fractional derivatives with singular and non-singular kernels. Such developed definition encompasses many types of fractional derivatives, such as the Riemann-Liouville and Caputo fractional derivatives for singular kernel type as well as the Caputo-Fabrizio, the Atangana-Baleanu and the generalized Hattaf fractional derivatives for non-singular kernel type. The associate fractional integral of the new mixed fractional derivative is rigorously introduced. Furthermore, newly numerical scheme is developed to approximate the solutions of a class of fractional differential equations (FDEs) involving the mixed fractional derivative. Finally, an application to computational biology is presented.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0348.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Parasitology Keywords: intestinal parasites; spatio-temporal; Poisson-gamma; Bayesian; Integrated Nested Laplace Approximations
Online: 15 November 2018 (06:10:13 CET)
Understanding the spatially varying effects of demographic factors on the spatio-temporal variation of intestinal parasites infections is important for public health intervention and monitoring. This paper presents a hierarchical Bayesian spatially varying coefficient model to evaluate the effects demographic factors on intestinal parasites morbidities in Ghana. The modeling relied on morbidity data collected by the District Health Information Management Systems. We developed Poisson and Poisson-gamma spatially varying coefficient Models. We used the demographic factors, unsafe drinking water, unsafe toilet and unsafe liquid waste disposal as model covariates. The models were fitted using the Integrated Nested Laplace Approximations (INLA). The overall risk of intestinal parasites infection was estimated to be 10.9 per 100 people with a wide spatial variation in the district-specific posterior risk estimates. Substantial spatial variation of increasing multiplicative effects of unsafe drinking water, unsafe toilet and unsafe liquid waste disposal occurs on the variation of intestinal parasites risk. The structured residual spatial variation widely dominates the unstructured component, suggesting that the unaccounted-for risk factors are spatially continuous in nature. The study concludes that both the spatial distribution of the posterior risk and the associated exceedance probability maps are essential for monitoring and control of intestinal parasites.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.0323.v1
Subject: Engineering, Aerospace Engineering Keywords: aeroservoelasticity; active flutter suppression; unsteady aerodynamics in the laplace domain; H-infinity
Online: 6 November 2023 (10:28:47 CET)
This paper presents various procedures for determining the optimal control law for a wing section in compressible flow. The flow regime includes subsonic as well as supersonic flows. For the evolution of the system in the Laplace plane the present method makes use of the exact unsteady aerodynamic forces in the Laplace plane once the control law is established. This is a great advantage against other results previously published, where the unsteady aerodynamics in the Laplace plane are just approximations of the curve-fitted values in the frequency domain (imaginary axis). Different control techniques are investigated like pole-placement, LQR and H-infinity norm. Among these, the H-infinity norm emerges as the optimal choice, exhibiting a norm magnitude approximately two orders of magnitude lower than the LQR case. Furthermore, the H-infinity controller demonstrates lower pole values that those of the pole placement and LQR compensator, showing the advantage of the H-infinity controller in terms of economic efficiency.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202111.0063.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Fractional derivatives; Caputo fractional derivative; the Caputo-Fabrizio fractional derivative; Laplace transform
Online: 3 November 2021 (08:29:12 CET)
Autonomous differential equations of fractional order and non-singular kernel are solved. While solutions can be obtained through numerical, graphical, or analytical solutions, we seek an implicit analytical solution.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202103.0256.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: New Iterative method; r-Laplace transform; Fractional-order Helmholtz equations; Caputo operator
Online: 9 March 2021 (10:16:30 CET)
This paper is related to the fractional view analysis of Helmholtz equations, using innovative analytical techniques. The fractional analysis of the proposed problems has been done in terms of Caputo-operator sense. In the current methodology, first, we applied the r-Laplace transform to the targeted problem. The iterative method is then implemented to obtain the series form solution. After using the inverse transform of the r-Laplace, the desire analytical solution is achieved. The suggested procedure is verified through specific examples of the fractional Helmholtz equations. The present method is found to be an effective technique having a closed resemblance with the actual solutions. The proposed technique has less computational cost and a higher rate of convergence. The suggested methods are therefore very useful to solve other systems of fractional order problems.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.1781.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: Asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series
Online: 27 October 2023 (12:51:38 CEST)
We examine a linear q-difference differential equation which is singular in complex time t at the origin. Its coefficients are polynomial in time and bounded holomorphic on horizontal strips in one complex space variable. The equation under study represents a q-analog of a singular partial differential equation, recently investigated by the author, which comprises Fuchsian operators and entails a forcing term that combines polynomial and logarithmic type functions in time. A sectorial holomorphic solution to the equation is constructed as a double complete Laplace transform in both time t and its complex logarithm log t and Fourier inverse integral in space. For a particular choice of the forcing term, this solution turns out to solve some specific nonlinear q-difference differential equation with polynomial coefficients in some positive rational power of t. Asymptotic expansions of the solution relatively to time t are investigated. A Gevrey type expansion is exhibited in a logarithmic scale. Furthermore, a formal asymptotic expansion in power scale is displayed, revealing a new fine structure involving remainders with both Gevrey and q-Gevrey type growth.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201806.0159.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Geometry And Topology Keywords: 4-space; the third Laplace-Beltrami operator; rotational hypersurface; Gaussian curvature; mean curvature
Online: 11 June 2018 (12:35:51 CEST)
We consider rotational hypersurface in the four dimensional Euclidean space. We calculate the mean curvature and the Gaussian curvature, and some relations of the rotational hypersurface. Moreover, we define the third Laplace-Beltrami operator and apply it to the rotational hypersurface.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0389.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Atmospheric Science And Meteorology Keywords: Numerical weather prediction; Time integration; Filtering; Laplace transform; semi-implicit; semi-Lagrangian; Forecast accuracy
Online: 23 August 2022 (03:13:59 CEST)
A time integration scheme based on semi-Lagrangian advection and Laplace transform adjustment has been implemented in a baroclinic primitive equation model. The semi-Lagrangian scheme makes it possible to use large time steps. However, errors arising from the semi-implicit scheme increase with the time step size. In contrast, the errors using the Laplace transform adjustment remain relatively small for typical time steps used with semi-Lagrangian advection. Numerical experiments confirm the superior performance of the Laplace transform scheme relative to the semi-implicit reference model. The algorithmic complexity of the scheme is comparable to the reference model, making it computationally competitive, and indicating its potential for integrating weather and climate prediction models.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202206.0224.v2
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier series; initial value problem; formal power series; singular perturbation
Online: 15 September 2022 (02:00:35 CEST)
We examine a nonlinear initial value problem both singularly perturbed in a complex parameter and singular in complex time at the origin. The study undertaken in this paper is the continuation of a joined work with A. Lastra published in 2015. A change of balance between the leading and a critical subdominant term of the problem considered in our previous work is performed. It leads to a phenomenon of coalescing singularities to the origin in the Borel plane w.r.t time for a finite set of holomorphic solutions constructed as Fourier series in space on horizontal complex strips. In comparison to our former study, an enlargement of the Gevrey order of the asymptotic expansion for these solutions relatively to the complex parameter is induced.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202111.0495.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematics Keywords: Asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series; singular perturbation
Online: 26 November 2021 (09:56:11 CET)
We examine a family of linear partial differential equations both singularly perturbed in a complex parameter and singular in complex time at the origin. These equations entail forcing terms which combine polynomial and logarithmic type functions in time and that are bounded holomorphic on horizontal strips in one complex space variable. A set of sectorial holomorphic solutions are built up by means of complete and truncated Laplace transforms w.r.t time and parameter and Fourier inverse integral in space. Asymptotic expansions of these solutions relatively to time and parameter are investigated and two distinguished Gevrey type expansions in monomial and logarithmic scales are exhibited.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201808.0549.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Fractional nonlinear predator-prey population model; Biological systems; Laplace transform algorithm; Homotopy analysis transform technique
Online: 31 August 2018 (14:31:19 CEST)
The key objective of the present paper is to propose a numerical scheme based on the homotopy analysis transform technique to analyze the time-fractional nonlinear predator-prey population model. The population model is coupled fractional order nonlinear partial differential equations often employed to narrate the dynamics of biological systems in which two species interact, first is a predator and the second is a prey. The proposed scheme provides the series solution with great freedom and flexibility by choosing appropriate parameters. The convergence of results is free from small or large parameters. Three examples are discussed to demonstrate the correctness and efficiency of the used computational approach.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201608.0129.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Mathematics Keywords: parabolic Volterra integro-differential equations; memory kernel; Laplace transform; Fourier transform; convolution theorem; analytical solution
Online: 11 August 2016 (11:47:10 CEST)
This article focuses on obtaining the analytical solutions for parabolic Volterra integro- differential equations in d-dimensional with different types frictional memory kernel. Based on theories of Laplace transform, Fourier transform, the properties of Fox-H function and convolution theorem, analytical solutions of the equations in the infinite domain are derived under three frictional memory kernel functions respectively. The analytical solutions are expressed by infinite series, the generalized multi-parameter Mittag-Leffler function, Fox-H function and convolution form of Fourier transform. In addition, the graphical representations of the analytical solution under different parameters are given for one-dimensional parabolic Volterra integro-differential equation with power-law memory kernel. It can be seen that the solution curves subject to Gaussian decay at any given moment.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201905.0262.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Vision And Graphics Keywords: fractional telegraph model with Atangana-Baleanu derivative; Laplace method; stability inequalites; difference schemes; implicit finite method
Online: 21 May 2019 (11:43:12 CEST)
The fractional telegraph partial differential equation with fractional Atangana-Baleanu-Caputo (ABC) derivative is studied. Laplace method is used to find the exact solution of this equation. Stability inequalities are proved for the exact solution. Difference schemes for the implicit finite method are constructed. The implicit finite method is used to deal with modelling the fractional telegraph differential equation defined by Caputo fractional of Atangana-Baleanu (AB) derivative for different interval. Stability of difference schemes for this problem is proved by the matrix method. Numerical results with respect to the exact solution confirm the accuracy and effectiveness of the proposed method.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202301.0582.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: Asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series; formal monodromy; singular perturbation
Online: 31 January 2023 (10:17:51 CET)
We investigate a family of nonlinear partial differential equations which are singularly perturbed in a complex parameter and singular in a complex time variable at the origin. These equations combine differential operators of Fuchsian type in time and space derivatives on horizontal strips in the complex plane with a nonlocal operator acting on the complex parameter known as the formal monodromy around 0. Their coefficients and forcing terms comprise polynomial and logarithmic type functions in time and are bounded holomorphic in space. A set of logarithmic type solutions are shaped by means of Laplace transforms relatively to time and parameter and Fourier integrals in space. Furthermore, a formal logarithmic type solution is modeled which represents the common asymptotic expansion of Gevrey type of the genuine solutions with respect to the complex parameter on bounded sectors at the origin.
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Cauchy problem; formal power series; integro-differential equation; partial differential equation; singular perturbation
Online: 23 April 2020 (04:33:13 CEST)
A nonlinear singularly perturbed Cauchy problem with confluent fuchsian singularities is examined. This problem involves coefficients with polynomial dependence in time. A similar initial value problem with logarithmic reliance in time has been investigated by the author in a recent work, for which sets of holomorphic inner and outer solutions were built up and expressed as a Laplace transform with logarithmic kernel. Here, a family of holomorphic inner solutions are constructed by means of exponential transseries expansions containing infinitely many Laplace transforms with special kernel. Furthermore, asymptotic expansions of Gevrey type for these solutions relatively to the perturbation parameter are established.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1274.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Surfaces, Coatings And Films Keywords: sessile liquid droplet; evaporation rate; diffusion, Laplace equation, analytical solution, flux density, mass loss per unit surface area per unit time
Online: 17 August 2023 (11:39:17 CEST)
Evaporating liquid sessile drop deposited on horizontal surface is an important object of applications (printing technologies, electronics, sensorics, medical diagnostics, hydrophobic coatings, etc.) and theoretical investigations (microfluidics, self-assembly of nanoparticle, crystallization of the solute, etc.). The arsenal of formulas for calculating the slow evaporation of an axisymmetric drop of capillary dimensions deposited on a flat solid surface is reviewed. Such characteristics as vapor density, evaporation flux density, total evaporation rate are considered. Exact solutions obtained in the framework of the Maxwellian model, in which the evaporation process of the drop is limited by vapor diffusion from the drop surface to the surrounding air, are presented. The summary covers both well-known results obtained during the last decades and new results published by us in the last few years, but practically unknown to the wide scientific community. The newest formulas, not yet published in refereed publications, concerning exact solutions for a number of specific contact angles are also presented. In addition, new approximate solutions are presented for the first time (total evaporation rate and mass loss per unit surface area per unit time in the whole range of contact angles ), which can be used in modeling without requiring significant computational resources.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202011.0343.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: complete monotonicity; necessary and sufficient condition; difference; derivative; trigamma function; convolution theorem for the Laplace transforms; Bernstein's theorem for completely monotonic functions
Online: 12 November 2020 (11:58:39 CET)
In the paper, by virtue of convolution theorem for the Laplace transforms, Bernstein's theorem for completely monotonic functions, and other techniques, the author finds necessary and sufficient conditions for a difference constituted by four derivatives of a function involving trigamma function to be completely monotonic.
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: asymptotic expansion; Borel-Laplace transform; Fourier transform; initial value problem; formal power series; linear integro-differential equation; partial differential equation; singular perturbation
Online: 24 December 2019 (14:24:38 CET)
We consider a family of nonlinear singularly perturbed PDEs whose coefficients involve a logarithmic dependence in time with confluent Fuchsian singularities that unfold an irregular singularity at the origin and rely on a single perturbation parameter. We exhibit two distinguished finite sets of holomorphic solutions, so-called outer and inner solutions, by means of a Laplace transform with special kernel and Fourier integral. We analyze the asymptotic expansions of these solutions relatively to the perturbation parameter and show that they are (at most) of Gevrey order 1 for the first set of solutions and of some Gevrey order that hinges on the unfolding of the irregular singularity for the second.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.0511.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Atomic And Molecular Physics Keywords: symmetry; invariant vectors; Hermann-Bernoulli-Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector; Redmond invariant; dynamical symmetry; supergeneralized Runge-Lenz vector; Kustaanheimo-Stiefel transformation; charge-dyon system; MIC-Kepler problem
Online: 7 June 2023 (08:19:04 CEST)
In this non-exhaustive review, we discuss the importance of invariant vectors in atomic physics, such as the Laplace-Runge-Lenz vector, the Redmond vector in the presence of an electric field, the Landau-Avron-Sivardière vector when the system is subject to a magnetic field, and the supergeneralized Runge-Lenz vector for the two-center problem. Application to Stark and Zeeman effects are outlined. The existence of constants of motion in the charge-dyon system is also briefly mentioned.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202011.0315.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: necessary and sufficient condition; complete monotonicity; monotonicity; inequality; polygamma function; lower bound; sectional curvature; manifold; beta distribution; convolution theorem for the Laplace transforms and analytic techniques
Online: 10 November 2020 (13:26:15 CET)
In the paper, by convolution theorem for the Laplace transforms and analytic techniques, the author finds necessary and sufficient conditions for complete monotonicity, monotonicity, and inequalities of several functions involving polygamma functions. By these results, the author derives a lower bound of a function related to the sectional curvature of the manifold of the beta distributions. Finally, the author poses several guesses and open problems related to monotonicity, complete monotonicity, and inequalities of several functions involving polygamma functions.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201707.0052.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: Gauss-exponential distribution; Gauss-Laplace distribution; stochastic vector representation; geometric measure representation; (p,q)-generalized polar coordinates; (p,q)-arc length; dynamic intersection proportion function; (p,q)-generalized Box-Muller simulation method; (p,q)-spherical uniform distribution; dynamic geometric disintegration
Online: 19 July 2017 (04:35:06 CEST)
For evaluating probabilities of arbitrary random events with respect to a given multivariate probability distribution, specific techniques are of great interest. An important two-dimensional high risk limit law is the Gauss-exponential distribution whose probabilities can be dealt with based upon the Gauss-Laplace law. The latter will be considered here as an element of the newly introduced family of (p,q)-spherical distributions. Based upon a suitably defined non-Euclidean arc-length measure on (p,q)-circles we prove geometric and stochastic representations of these distributions and correspondingly distributed random vectors, respectively. These representations allow dealing with the new probability measures similarly like with elliptically contoured distributions and more general homogeneous star-shaped ones. This is demonstrated at hand of a generalization of the Box-Muller simulation method. En passant, we prove an extension of the sector and circle number functions.